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Table 3—

Anthropometric and hormonal characteristics according to the presence of MS

Without MS (n = 32)With MS (n = 44)
Age (years) 47.2 ± 10.6 48.4 ± 8.1 
BMI (kg/m236.9 ± 5.0 40.1 ± 5.4* 
Waist circumference (cm) 103.4 ± 13.5 115.1 ± 10.8* 
WHR 0.91 ± 0.09 0.97 ± 0.09* 
Fat mass (%) 42.6 ± 5.1 43.7 ± 4.9 
Fasting insulin (pmol/l) 88.3 ± 32.3 147.9 ± 71.8* 
2-h insulin (pmol/l) 450.2 ± 251.7 868.1 ± 558.6* 
HOMA index 2.8 ± 1.0 5.0 ± 2.5* 
Leptin (ng/ml) 25.0 ± 19.6 27.2 ± 13.8 
Subcutaneous fat by CT (cm2357.2 ± 136.6 394.2 ± 116.7 
Visceral fat by CT (cm2119.7 ± 56.0 158.1 ± 54.5* 
Without MS (n = 32)With MS (n = 44)
Age (years) 47.2 ± 10.6 48.4 ± 8.1 
BMI (kg/m236.9 ± 5.0 40.1 ± 5.4* 
Waist circumference (cm) 103.4 ± 13.5 115.1 ± 10.8* 
WHR 0.91 ± 0.09 0.97 ± 0.09* 
Fat mass (%) 42.6 ± 5.1 43.7 ± 4.9 
Fasting insulin (pmol/l) 88.3 ± 32.3 147.9 ± 71.8* 
2-h insulin (pmol/l) 450.2 ± 251.7 868.1 ± 558.6* 
HOMA index 2.8 ± 1.0 5.0 ± 2.5* 
Leptin (ng/ml) 25.0 ± 19.6 27.2 ± 13.8 
Subcutaneous fat by CT (cm2357.2 ± 136.6 394.2 ± 116.7 
Visceral fat by CT (cm2119.7 ± 56.0 158.1 ± 54.5* 

Data are means ± SD.

*

P < 0.01 vs. without MS. MS was defined by presence of abdominal obesity and at least two of the following components: hypertension, dyslipidemia, and glucose intolerance and/or hyperinsulinemia.

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