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Table 2—

Comparison of demographic characteristics, preventive care practices, and use of conventional medical services among users and nonusers of CAM

UsersNonusersP value
n 1,148 1,326  
Age (years)   0.009* 
    18–34 5.7 5.3  
    35–49 20.7 19.0  
    50–64 38.8 33.4  
≥65 34.8 42.3  
Women 52.2 48.6 0.116 
Race/ethnicity   <0.001* 
    Hispanic 11.4 11.5  
    White 72.2 66.5  
    Black 11.2 18.7  
    Other 5.2 3.3  
Education   <0.001* 
    Less than high school 20.9 34.3  
    High school graduate 31.0 35.7  
    More than high school graduate 48.1 30.0  
Income (≥$20,000) 75.1 68.6 0.002* 
Employed (yes) 50.5 40.2 <0.001* 
Comorbidity (yes) 86.0 83.4 0.1183 
Functional limitation (yes) 68.7 60.2 0.005* 
Influenza vaccination (yes) 48.9 44.8 0.040* 
Pneumonia vaccination (yes) 50.3 44.6 0.007* 
Emergency department visit (yes) 34.6 28.7 0.007* 
Primary care visits    
    Two or more 89.2 84.2 0.004* 
    Four or more 67.9 60.2 0.003* 
    Six or more 35.3 26.9 0.002* 
    Eight or more 16.1 10.8 0.009* 
UsersNonusersP value
n 1,148 1,326  
Age (years)   0.009* 
    18–34 5.7 5.3  
    35–49 20.7 19.0  
    50–64 38.8 33.4  
≥65 34.8 42.3  
Women 52.2 48.6 0.116 
Race/ethnicity   <0.001* 
    Hispanic 11.4 11.5  
    White 72.2 66.5  
    Black 11.2 18.7  
    Other 5.2 3.3  
Education   <0.001* 
    Less than high school 20.9 34.3  
    High school graduate 31.0 35.7  
    More than high school graduate 48.1 30.0  
Income (≥$20,000) 75.1 68.6 0.002* 
Employed (yes) 50.5 40.2 <0.001* 
Comorbidity (yes) 86.0 83.4 0.1183 
Functional limitation (yes) 68.7 60.2 0.005* 
Influenza vaccination (yes) 48.9 44.8 0.040* 
Pneumonia vaccination (yes) 50.3 44.6 0.007* 
Emergency department visit (yes) 34.6 28.7 0.007* 
Primary care visits    
    Two or more 89.2 84.2 0.004* 
    Four or more 67.9 60.2 0.003* 
    Six or more 35.3 26.9 0.002* 
    Eight or more 16.1 10.8 0.009* 

Data are percent.

*

Statistically significant at P < 0.05.

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