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Table 2—

Age-adjusted ORs for the metabolic syndrome across the categories of income, wealth, and other socioeconomic indicators

n (men/ women)OR (95% CI)
MenWomen
Household wealth* (4,090/1,509)   
    ≥£500,000  Reference Reference 
    £100,000–499,999  1.27 (0.87–2.26) 1.59 (0.62–4.09) 
    £40,000–99,999  1.61 (1.06–2.47) 2.71 (1.04–7.07) 
    <£40,000  2.26 (1.43–3.57) 4.12 (1.57–10.8) 
    P trend  <0.001 <0.001 
Household income* (3,588/1,373)   
    ≥£60,000  Reference Reference 
    £40,000–59,999  1.16 (0.87–1.56) 2.41 (1.04–5.60) 
    £20,000–39,999  1.16 (0.87–1.53) 2.51 (1.15–5.49) 
    <£20,000  1.54 (1.11–2.14) 3.43 (1.54–7.62) 
    P trend  0.02 0.003 
Personal income (4,580/1,859)   
    ≥£50,000  Reference Reference 
    £25,000–49,999  0.83 (0.63–1.09) 0.89 (0.35–2.29) 
    £15,000–24,999  1.01 (0.78–1.42) 1.30 (0.54–3.12) 
    <£15,000  1.41 (1.05–1.90) 1.70 (0.71–4.07) 
    P trend  <0.001 0.009 
Adult grade (4,643/1,905)   
    Administrative  Reference Reference 
    Professional/executive  1.32 (1.11–1.56) 1.56 (0.95–2.57) 
    Clerical/office support  1.64 (1.20–2.24) 1.91 (1.17–3.12) 
    P trend  <0.001 0.009 
Education (4,385/1675)   
    Higher education  Reference Reference 
    Advanced secondary  1.11 (0.92–1.36) 0.96 (0.59–1.57) 
    Ordinary secondary  1.05 (0.85–1.30) 1.47 (0.97–2.22) 
    No academic qualifications  1.09 (0.76–1.56) 1.26 (0.80–2.00) 
    P trend  0.5 0.1 
Father’s social class (3,211/1,233)   
    I and II  Reference Reference 
    III nonmanual  1.09 (0.82–1.44) 0.88 (0.45–1.73) 
    III manual  1.27 (1.02–1.60) 1.46 (0.95–2.24) 
    IV and V  1.13 (0.81–1.60) 1.71 (0.97–3.00) 
    P trend  0.08 0.02 
n (men/ women)OR (95% CI)
MenWomen
Household wealth* (4,090/1,509)   
    ≥£500,000  Reference Reference 
    £100,000–499,999  1.27 (0.87–2.26) 1.59 (0.62–4.09) 
    £40,000–99,999  1.61 (1.06–2.47) 2.71 (1.04–7.07) 
    <£40,000  2.26 (1.43–3.57) 4.12 (1.57–10.8) 
    P trend  <0.001 <0.001 
Household income* (3,588/1,373)   
    ≥£60,000  Reference Reference 
    £40,000–59,999  1.16 (0.87–1.56) 2.41 (1.04–5.60) 
    £20,000–39,999  1.16 (0.87–1.53) 2.51 (1.15–5.49) 
    <£20,000  1.54 (1.11–2.14) 3.43 (1.54–7.62) 
    P trend  0.02 0.003 
Personal income (4,580/1,859)   
    ≥£50,000  Reference Reference 
    £25,000–49,999  0.83 (0.63–1.09) 0.89 (0.35–2.29) 
    £15,000–24,999  1.01 (0.78–1.42) 1.30 (0.54–3.12) 
    <£15,000  1.41 (1.05–1.90) 1.70 (0.71–4.07) 
    P trend  <0.001 0.009 
Adult grade (4,643/1,905)   
    Administrative  Reference Reference 
    Professional/executive  1.32 (1.11–1.56) 1.56 (0.95–2.57) 
    Clerical/office support  1.64 (1.20–2.24) 1.91 (1.17–3.12) 
    P trend  <0.001 0.009 
Education (4,385/1675)   
    Higher education  Reference Reference 
    Advanced secondary  1.11 (0.92–1.36) 0.96 (0.59–1.57) 
    Ordinary secondary  1.05 (0.85–1.30) 1.47 (0.97–2.22) 
    No academic qualifications  1.09 (0.76–1.56) 1.26 (0.80–2.00) 
    P trend  0.5 0.1 
Father’s social class (3,211/1,233)   
    I and II  Reference Reference 
    III nonmanual  1.09 (0.82–1.44) 0.88 (0.45–1.73) 
    III manual  1.27 (1.02–1.60) 1.46 (0.95–2.24) 
    IV and V  1.13 (0.81–1.60) 1.71 (0.97–3.00) 
    P trend  0.08 0.02 
*

Adjusted for age and number of household members.

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