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Table 1—

Characteristics of subgroups with or without diabetes or insulin resistance

1: Diabetes with insulin resistance2: Diabetes without insulin resistance3: Insulin resistance without diabetes4: All others
n 399 151 363 1,370 
BMI (kg/m231.5 ± 5.4 27.5 ± 3.9 31.6 ± 4.6 27.7 ± 4.1 
Waist (cm) 108 ± 13 100 ± 11 109 ± 11 99 ± 11 
Glucose (mg/dl) 160 ± 37 120 ± 25 107 ± 10 97 ± 11 
Insulin (μU/ml)* 44 ± 48 26 ± 7 50 ± 16 27 ± 7 
HOMA-IR* 16.6 ± 22.2 8.1 ± 1.7 13.0 ± 4.3 6.5 ± 1.8 
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 30.8 ± 5.2 30.9 ± 5.3 31.2 ± 5.4 32.0 ± 5.2 
Triglycerides (mg/dl)* 164 ± 72 138 ± 64 172 ± 67 143 ± 65 
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 108 ± 22 110 ± 24 110 ± 23 113 ± 22 
1: Diabetes with insulin resistance2: Diabetes without insulin resistance3: Insulin resistance without diabetes4: All others
n 399 151 363 1,370 
BMI (kg/m231.5 ± 5.4 27.5 ± 3.9 31.6 ± 4.6 27.7 ± 4.1 
Waist (cm) 108 ± 13 100 ± 11 109 ± 11 99 ± 11 
Glucose (mg/dl) 160 ± 37 120 ± 25 107 ± 10 97 ± 11 
Insulin (μU/ml)* 44 ± 48 26 ± 7 50 ± 16 27 ± 7 
HOMA-IR* 16.6 ± 22.2 8.1 ± 1.7 13.0 ± 4.3 6.5 ± 1.8 
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 30.8 ± 5.2 30.9 ± 5.3 31.2 ± 5.4 32.0 ± 5.2 
Triglycerides (mg/dl)* 164 ± 72 138 ± 64 172 ± 67 143 ± 65 
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 108 ± 22 110 ± 24 110 ± 23 113 ± 22 

Data are mean or median

*

± SD for subjects not being treated with insulin who had fasting values of lipids, insulin, and glucose measured at baseline. Diabetes was defined by history or by a fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dl. Insulin resistance was defined by the upper tertile level of HOMA-IR, which was associated with a significant increase in cardiovascular events (results). All values in subgroups 1 or 3 are different from subgroup 4 (at P < 0.01), whereas only glucose, HOMA-IR, and HDL cholesterol values in subgroup 2 are different from subgroup 4 (at P < 0.01). All values are different between subgroups 1 and 2 (P < 0.001) and between subgroups 2 and 3 (P < 0.001) except for LDL cholesterol and HDL cholesterol.

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