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Table 1—

Clinical characteristics and laboratory parameters of the participants

Age (years) 65.7 ± 8.7 
Men (%) 47 
BMI (kg/m229.3 ± 4.9 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 136.7 ± 13.5 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 78.6 ± 6.8 
Duration of hypertension (years) 8.5 ± 6.7 
Cigarette smoking (%) 23.6 
At least one cardiovascular event (%) 23.0 
Left ventricular hypertension (%) 30.9 
Hospitalization in the last year (%) 21.8 
Family history for cardiovascular event (%) 27.7 
A1C (%) 7.5 ± 1.3 
Serum creatinine (mg/dl) 1.2 ± 0.6 
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 196.5 ± 40 
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 118.6 ± 34.9 
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 47.5 ± 11.8 
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 151.6 ± 77.5 
Serum uric acid (mg/dl) 5.2 ± 1.4 
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 13.2 ± 1.4 
Micro-/macroalbuminuric (n749/98 
GFR (ml/min per 1.73 m272.7 ± 24.7 
Urinary sodium excretion (mmol/day) 169.8 ± 78.7 
Age (years) 65.7 ± 8.7 
Men (%) 47 
BMI (kg/m229.3 ± 4.9 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 136.7 ± 13.5 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 78.6 ± 6.8 
Duration of hypertension (years) 8.5 ± 6.7 
Cigarette smoking (%) 23.6 
At least one cardiovascular event (%) 23.0 
Left ventricular hypertension (%) 30.9 
Hospitalization in the last year (%) 21.8 
Family history for cardiovascular event (%) 27.7 
A1C (%) 7.5 ± 1.3 
Serum creatinine (mg/dl) 1.2 ± 0.6 
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 196.5 ± 40 
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 118.6 ± 34.9 
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 47.5 ± 11.8 
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 151.6 ± 77.5 
Serum uric acid (mg/dl) 5.2 ± 1.4 
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 13.2 ± 1.4 
Micro-/macroalbuminuric (n749/98 
GFR (ml/min per 1.73 m272.7 ± 24.7 
Urinary sodium excretion (mmol/day) 169.8 ± 78.7 

Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated. Cardiovascular event includes acute myocardial infarction, transient ischemic attack, or stroke.

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