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Table 2—

Association between recall of diabetes prevention advice and lifestyle behaviors and association between recall of diabetes screening advice and performance of screening, unadjusted and adjusted for participant characteristics

Main outcome measureDiabetes prevention adviceUnadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)*
Number of hours spent walking over 2 weeks (reference = 0–1 h) 4.51 ± 1.45   
    2 h 5.15 ± 1.26 1.37 (0.99–1.89) 1.34 (0.94–1.92) 
    3 h 4.83 ± 1.58 1.14 (0.86–1.52) 1.10 (0.79–1.51) 
    >4 h 5.00 ± 1.35 1.26 (0.97–1.63) 1.30 (0.96–1.77) 
Perceived walking intensity (reference = no walking) 5.38 ± 0.74   
    Walking, no increase in heart rate 3.87 ± 2.17 0.48 (0.22–1.05) 0.51 (0.20–1.29) 
    Walking with small increase 4.73 ± 1.43 0.64 (0.30–1.36) 0.63 (0.26–1.50) 
    Walking with medium increase 5.18 ± 1.13 0.84 (0.39–1.79) 0.86 (0.36–2.09) 
    Walking with large increase 5.11 ± 1.45 0.79 (0.35–1.82) 0.83 (0.32–2.14) 
Leisure-time physical activity (reference = no activity) 4.70 ± 1.77   
    Only light physical activity in most weeks 4.81 ± 1.39 1.05 (0.69–1.61) 0.74 (0.37–1.47) 
    Vigorous activity for 20 min, 1–2 times/week 5.16 ± 1.02 1.28 (0.80–2.05) 0.93 (0.45–1.89) 
    Vigorous activity for 20 min, 3 times/week 4.89 ± 1.60 1.08 (0.70–1.68) 0.77 (0.39–1.54) 
Stage of physical activity change (reference = contemplation) 4.50 ± 2.00   
    Precontemplation 4.77 ± 1.39 1.12 (0.72–1.74) 0.84 (0.45–1.57) 
    Preparation 5.16 ± 1.02 1.40 (0.86–2.26) 1.05 (0.54–2.03) 
    Action/maintenance 4.89 ± 1.60 1.18 (0.75–1.85) 0.87 (0.46–1.64) 
Number of fruits and vegetables consumed (reference ≤3/day) 4.81 ± 1.55   
    3 to <5/day 4.92 ± 1.32 1.06 (0.84–1.33) 1.07 (0.84–1.37) 
    >5/day 5.01 ± 1.26 1.18 (0.90–1.41) 1.17 (0.90–1.52) 
Stage of dietary change (reference = precontemplation) 4.27 ± 2.24   
    Contemplation 4.81 ± 1.47 1.23 (0.85–1.78) 0.95 (0.60–1.52) 
    Preparation 4.92 ± 1.32 1.30 (0.89–1.91) 1.04 (0.65–1.67) 
    Action/maintenance 5.01 ± 1.26 1.37 (0.93–2.03) 1.14 (0.71–1.84) 
    
 Diabetes screening advice
 
  
Performance of postpartum fasting glucose or OGTT by self-report (reference = no postpartum fasting glucose or OGTT by self-report) 2.36 ± 0.87 2.30 (1.72–3.08) 2.07 (1.51–2.84) 
Performance of postpartum OGTT by claims data (reference = no postpartum OGTT by claims) 2.24 ± 0.93 1.73 (1.25–2.37) 1.64 (1.16–2.32) 
Main outcome measureDiabetes prevention adviceUnadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)*
Number of hours spent walking over 2 weeks (reference = 0–1 h) 4.51 ± 1.45   
    2 h 5.15 ± 1.26 1.37 (0.99–1.89) 1.34 (0.94–1.92) 
    3 h 4.83 ± 1.58 1.14 (0.86–1.52) 1.10 (0.79–1.51) 
    >4 h 5.00 ± 1.35 1.26 (0.97–1.63) 1.30 (0.96–1.77) 
Perceived walking intensity (reference = no walking) 5.38 ± 0.74   
    Walking, no increase in heart rate 3.87 ± 2.17 0.48 (0.22–1.05) 0.51 (0.20–1.29) 
    Walking with small increase 4.73 ± 1.43 0.64 (0.30–1.36) 0.63 (0.26–1.50) 
    Walking with medium increase 5.18 ± 1.13 0.84 (0.39–1.79) 0.86 (0.36–2.09) 
    Walking with large increase 5.11 ± 1.45 0.79 (0.35–1.82) 0.83 (0.32–2.14) 
Leisure-time physical activity (reference = no activity) 4.70 ± 1.77   
    Only light physical activity in most weeks 4.81 ± 1.39 1.05 (0.69–1.61) 0.74 (0.37–1.47) 
    Vigorous activity for 20 min, 1–2 times/week 5.16 ± 1.02 1.28 (0.80–2.05) 0.93 (0.45–1.89) 
    Vigorous activity for 20 min, 3 times/week 4.89 ± 1.60 1.08 (0.70–1.68) 0.77 (0.39–1.54) 
Stage of physical activity change (reference = contemplation) 4.50 ± 2.00   
    Precontemplation 4.77 ± 1.39 1.12 (0.72–1.74) 0.84 (0.45–1.57) 
    Preparation 5.16 ± 1.02 1.40 (0.86–2.26) 1.05 (0.54–2.03) 
    Action/maintenance 4.89 ± 1.60 1.18 (0.75–1.85) 0.87 (0.46–1.64) 
Number of fruits and vegetables consumed (reference ≤3/day) 4.81 ± 1.55   
    3 to <5/day 4.92 ± 1.32 1.06 (0.84–1.33) 1.07 (0.84–1.37) 
    >5/day 5.01 ± 1.26 1.18 (0.90–1.41) 1.17 (0.90–1.52) 
Stage of dietary change (reference = precontemplation) 4.27 ± 2.24   
    Contemplation 4.81 ± 1.47 1.23 (0.85–1.78) 0.95 (0.60–1.52) 
    Preparation 4.92 ± 1.32 1.30 (0.89–1.91) 1.04 (0.65–1.67) 
    Action/maintenance 5.01 ± 1.26 1.37 (0.93–2.03) 1.14 (0.71–1.84) 
    
 Diabetes screening advice
 
  
Performance of postpartum fasting glucose or OGTT by self-report (reference = no postpartum fasting glucose or OGTT by self-report) 2.36 ± 0.87 2.30 (1.72–3.08) 2.07 (1.51–2.84) 
Performance of postpartum OGTT by claims data (reference = no postpartum OGTT by claims) 2.24 ± 0.93 1.73 (1.25–2.37) 1.64 (1.16–2.32) 

Data are percent or means ± 1 SD unless otherwise indicated. Boldface type indicates associations at P < 0.05.

*

Adjusted for current diabetes, history of dyslipidemia, endocrinologist contact, dietitian contact, insulin use.

Association with diabetes screening advice scale score rather than diabetes prevention advice scale score.

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