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Table 1—

Baseline characteristics according to history of type 2 diabetes

Men
Women
No diabetesDiabetesPNo diabetesDiabetesP
n 24,577 591  25,877 507  
Age (years) 44.4 ± 11.5 53.3 ± 10.6 <0.001 44.5 ± 11.3 52.9 ± 11.0 <0.001 
BMI (kg/m226.3 ± 3.7 27.6 ± 4.4 <0.001 26.0 ± 4.7 28.4 ± 6.0 <0.001 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 143 ± 19 148 ± 23 <0.001 139 ± 23 145 ± 25 <0.001 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 88 ± 12 88 ± 14 0.641 84 ± 12 85 ± 13 0.014 
Serum total cholesterol (mmol/l) 6.2 ± 1.3 6.0 ± 1.4 <0.001 6.1 ± 1.3 6.0 ± 1.4 0.014 
Education (years) 9.1 ± 3.9 9.1 ± 4.0 0.947 9.5 ± 3.9 8.9 ± 3.8 <0.001 
Coffee consumption (cups/day) 5.3 ± 3.2 5.1 ± 3.1 0.171 4.6 ± 2.5 4.5 ± 2.4 0.134 
Tea consumption (cups/day) 0.8 ± 1.4 0.7 ± 1.4 0.309 0.8 ± 1.2 0.7 ± 1.2 0.163 
Alcohol drinker (%) 64.9 56.2 <0.001 35.2 22.7 <0.001 
Low leisure-time physical activity (%) 28.9 36.2 <0.001 38.2 47.9 <0.001 
Current smoker (%) 42.5 34.7 <0.001 17.2 13.6 0.034 
Men
Women
No diabetesDiabetesPNo diabetesDiabetesP
n 24,577 591  25,877 507  
Age (years) 44.4 ± 11.5 53.3 ± 10.6 <0.001 44.5 ± 11.3 52.9 ± 11.0 <0.001 
BMI (kg/m226.3 ± 3.7 27.6 ± 4.4 <0.001 26.0 ± 4.7 28.4 ± 6.0 <0.001 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 143 ± 19 148 ± 23 <0.001 139 ± 23 145 ± 25 <0.001 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 88 ± 12 88 ± 14 0.641 84 ± 12 85 ± 13 0.014 
Serum total cholesterol (mmol/l) 6.2 ± 1.3 6.0 ± 1.4 <0.001 6.1 ± 1.3 6.0 ± 1.4 0.014 
Education (years) 9.1 ± 3.9 9.1 ± 4.0 0.947 9.5 ± 3.9 8.9 ± 3.8 <0.001 
Coffee consumption (cups/day) 5.3 ± 3.2 5.1 ± 3.1 0.171 4.6 ± 2.5 4.5 ± 2.4 0.134 
Tea consumption (cups/day) 0.8 ± 1.4 0.7 ± 1.4 0.309 0.8 ± 1.2 0.7 ± 1.2 0.163 
Alcohol drinker (%) 64.9 56.2 <0.001 35.2 22.7 <0.001 
Low leisure-time physical activity (%) 28.9 36.2 <0.001 38.2 47.9 <0.001 
Current smoker (%) 42.5 34.7 <0.001 17.2 13.6 0.034 

Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated and are adjusted for age and study year.

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