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Table 1—

Risk factors of type 2 diabetes in the EPIC-Potsdam study with 25,167 participants (849 of whom developed diabetes)

Risk factorβRelative risk (95% CI)PPoints allocated
Waist circumference (cm) 0.074 1.076 (1.071–1.082) <0.0001 7.4 
Height (cm) −0.024 0.976 (0.967–0.984) <0.0001 −2.4 
Age (years) 0.043 1.044 (1.035–1.053) <0.0001 4.3 
Hypertension (self-report) 0.462 1.587 (1.375–1.831) <0.0001 46 
Intake of red meat (each 150 g/day) 0.494 1.639 (1.228–2.187) 0.0008 49 
Intake of whole-grain bread (each 50 g/day) −0.085 0.918 (0.855–0.986) 0.0193 −9 
Consumption of coffee (each 150 g/day) −0.043 0.958 (0.926–0.991) 0.0142 −4 
Moderate alcohol consumption (between 10 and 40 g/day) −0.198 0.821 (0.705–0.954) 0.0104 −20 
Sports, biking, or gardening (h/week) −0.016 0.984 (0.973–0.995) 0.0060 −2 
Former smoker 0.237 1.267 (1.094–1.469) 0.0016 24 
Current heavy smoker (≥20 cigarettes/day) 0.642 1.901 (1.470–2.458) <0.0001 64 
Risk factorβRelative risk (95% CI)PPoints allocated
Waist circumference (cm) 0.074 1.076 (1.071–1.082) <0.0001 7.4 
Height (cm) −0.024 0.976 (0.967–0.984) <0.0001 −2.4 
Age (years) 0.043 1.044 (1.035–1.053) <0.0001 4.3 
Hypertension (self-report) 0.462 1.587 (1.375–1.831) <0.0001 46 
Intake of red meat (each 150 g/day) 0.494 1.639 (1.228–2.187) 0.0008 49 
Intake of whole-grain bread (each 50 g/day) −0.085 0.918 (0.855–0.986) 0.0193 −9 
Consumption of coffee (each 150 g/day) −0.043 0.958 (0.926–0.991) 0.0142 −4 
Moderate alcohol consumption (between 10 and 40 g/day) −0.198 0.821 (0.705–0.954) 0.0104 −20 
Sports, biking, or gardening (h/week) −0.016 0.984 (0.973–0.995) 0.0060 −2 
Former smoker 0.237 1.267 (1.094–1.469) 0.0016 24 
Current heavy smoker (≥20 cigarettes/day) 0.642 1.901 (1.470–2.458) <0.0001 64 
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