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Table 1—

Clinical criteria for the metabolic syndrome

ComponentsWHO: fasting glucose above cutoff or taking medication for diabetes in combination with any two of the listed componentsATP III: any three of the listed componentsIDF: waist circumference above cutoff in combination with any two of the listed components
Fasting glucose 1) >110 mg/dl* 1) ≥100 mg/dl* 1) ≥100 mg/dl* 
Triglycerides 2) ≥150 mg/dl 2) ≥150 mg/dl* 2) ≥150 mg/dl* 
HDL cholesterol 3) <35 mg/dl 3) <50 mg/dl* 3) <50 mg/dl* 
Obesity 4) BMI >30 kg/m2 or waist-to-hip ratio >0.85 4) Waist circumference >88 cm 4) Waist circumference >80 cm 
Blood pressure 5) SBP ≥ 140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg 5) SBP ≥135 mmHg and/or DBP ≥85 mmHg* 5) SBP ≥ 135 mmHg and/or DBP ≥85 mmHg* 
ComponentsWHO: fasting glucose above cutoff or taking medication for diabetes in combination with any two of the listed componentsATP III: any three of the listed componentsIDF: waist circumference above cutoff in combination with any two of the listed components
Fasting glucose 1) >110 mg/dl* 1) ≥100 mg/dl* 1) ≥100 mg/dl* 
Triglycerides 2) ≥150 mg/dl 2) ≥150 mg/dl* 2) ≥150 mg/dl* 
HDL cholesterol 3) <35 mg/dl 3) <50 mg/dl* 3) <50 mg/dl* 
Obesity 4) BMI >30 kg/m2 or waist-to-hip ratio >0.85 4) Waist circumference >88 cm 4) Waist circumference >80 cm 
Blood pressure 5) SBP ≥ 140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg 5) SBP ≥135 mmHg and/or DBP ≥85 mmHg* 5) SBP ≥ 135 mmHg and/or DBP ≥85 mmHg* 
*

Fulfillment of the cutoff score if alternatively taking medication for diabetes, dyslipidemia, or hypertension; Microalbuminuria was not available when defining the metabolic syndrome via the WHO clinical criteria. DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure.

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