Skip to Main Content
Table 1—

Predicting psychosocial outcomes using baseline values and other covariates including treatment group

CARE depression (n = 1,358)*
DDS emotional burden subscale (n = 1,356)*
DDS interpersonal subscale (n = 1,355)*
Diabetes self-efficacy scale (n = 1,355)*
EstimateSEPEstimateSEPEstimateSEPEstimateSEP
Intercept −1.16 1.29 0.37 0.41 1.59 0.80 0.86 0.97 0.37 −1.28 3.50 0.71 
Baseline values 0.58 0.02 <0.001 0.56 0.02 <0.001 0.35 0.02 <0.001 0.48 0.02 <0.001 
Group 0.19 0.18 0.30 0.06 0.22 0.77 0.00 0.14 0.98 2.38 0.50 <0.001 
Race/ethnicity 0.22 0.24 0.36 −0.43 0.29 0.14 −0.18 0.18 0.31 −0.80 0.64 0.21 
Age 0.02 0.01 0.20 −0.00 0.02 0.85 −0.01 0.01 0.24 0.05 0.04 0.25 
Sex 0.75 0.21 0.00 0.43 0.26 0.11 0.15 0.16 0.35 0.05 0.59 0.94 
Years of education −0.03 0.03 0.26 0.03 0.03 0.30 0.04 0.02 0.04 0.00 0.07 0.10 
Years of diabetes 0.02 0.01 0.07 0.01 0.01 0.64 −0.00 0.01 0.70 0.01 0.03 0.68 
Marital status 0.06 0.21 0.78 0.02 0.26 0.95 −0.26 0.16 0.11 −0.24 0.57 0.67 
BMI −0.02 0.01 0.17 −0.03 0.02 0.06 −0.01 0.01 0.34 0.03 0.04 0.47 
Comorbidity −0.01 0.05 0.83 0.12 0.07 0.07 0.02 0.04 0.54 0.33 0.14 0.02 
Smoking (pack-years) 0.00 0.00 0.27 −0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.02 0.01 0.03 
Insulin (yes/no) −0.48 0.23 0.04 0.19 0.28 0.50 0.06 0.17 0.73 −0.49 0.63 0.44 
Diabetes symptom severity 0.32 0.06 <0.001 0.31 0.07 <0.001 0.17 0.04 0.00 0.62 0.15 <0.001 
CARE depression (n = 1,358)*
DDS emotional burden subscale (n = 1,356)*
DDS interpersonal subscale (n = 1,355)*
Diabetes self-efficacy scale (n = 1,355)*
EstimateSEPEstimateSEPEstimateSEPEstimateSEP
Intercept −1.16 1.29 0.37 0.41 1.59 0.80 0.86 0.97 0.37 −1.28 3.50 0.71 
Baseline values 0.58 0.02 <0.001 0.56 0.02 <0.001 0.35 0.02 <0.001 0.48 0.02 <0.001 
Group 0.19 0.18 0.30 0.06 0.22 0.77 0.00 0.14 0.98 2.38 0.50 <0.001 
Race/ethnicity 0.22 0.24 0.36 −0.43 0.29 0.14 −0.18 0.18 0.31 −0.80 0.64 0.21 
Age 0.02 0.01 0.20 −0.00 0.02 0.85 −0.01 0.01 0.24 0.05 0.04 0.25 
Sex 0.75 0.21 0.00 0.43 0.26 0.11 0.15 0.16 0.35 0.05 0.59 0.94 
Years of education −0.03 0.03 0.26 0.03 0.03 0.30 0.04 0.02 0.04 0.00 0.07 0.10 
Years of diabetes 0.02 0.01 0.07 0.01 0.01 0.64 −0.00 0.01 0.70 0.01 0.03 0.68 
Marital status 0.06 0.21 0.78 0.02 0.26 0.95 −0.26 0.16 0.11 −0.24 0.57 0.67 
BMI −0.02 0.01 0.17 −0.03 0.02 0.06 −0.01 0.01 0.34 0.03 0.04 0.47 
Comorbidity −0.01 0.05 0.83 0.12 0.07 0.07 0.02 0.04 0.54 0.33 0.14 0.02 
Smoking (pack-years) 0.00 0.00 0.27 −0.00 0.00 0.29 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.02 0.01 0.03 
Insulin (yes/no) −0.48 0.23 0.04 0.19 0.28 0.50 0.06 0.17 0.73 −0.49 0.63 0.44 
Diabetes symptom severity 0.32 0.06 <0.001 0.31 0.07 <0.001 0.17 0.04 0.00 0.62 0.15 <0.001 

All analyses are adjusted for clustering within primary care practices.

*

Adjusted for group heterogeneity in cluster and residual variances. Variables: group: treatment group (0, control; 1, experimental); race: participant Caucasian (0, no; 1, yes); age: computed at time of baseline annual assessment; sex: 1, male; 2, female; marital status: participant married (0, no; 1, yes); and insulin: 0, no; 1 yes. CARE, Comprehensive Assessment and Referral Evaluation; DDS, Diabetes Distress Scale.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal