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Table 1—

Blood glucose parameters (combined periods by treatment) and correlation of symptoms with BGRATE

Lispro mixtureGlargineTreatment comparison P value*
Blood glucose (mmol/l)    
    n 28 28  
    Before breakfast 8.5 ± 1.5 7.8 ± 2.0 0.056 
    After breakfast 11.0 ± 1.9 10.9 ± 2.1 0.642 
    Before dinner 9.8 ± 2.5 10.7 ± 3.0 0.076 
    After dinner 11.0 ± 2.3 12.3 ± 2.9 0.001 
Correlation coefficients of symptom clusters and BGRATE (rise from pre- to postmeal blood glucose)    
    Depressive (sad/blue, not care/apathetic, and slowed down/sleepy) 0.45§; 0.56§ 0.39; 0.53§  
    Anxious (restless/jittery, nervous/anxious, and irritable/frustrated) 0.43; 0.49§ 0.41; 0.51§  
    Cognitive (difficulty concentrating, slowed thinking/foggy, uncoordinated, and difficulty speaking) 0.48§; 0.55§ 0.47§; 0.54§  
    Energetic (alert/crisp/awake, energetic/lively, and enjoying myself) 0.11; −0.16 0.13; −0.6  
Lispro mixtureGlargineTreatment comparison P value*
Blood glucose (mmol/l)    
    n 28 28  
    Before breakfast 8.5 ± 1.5 7.8 ± 2.0 0.056 
    After breakfast 11.0 ± 1.9 10.9 ± 2.1 0.642 
    Before dinner 9.8 ± 2.5 10.7 ± 3.0 0.076 
    After dinner 11.0 ± 2.3 12.3 ± 2.9 0.001 
Correlation coefficients of symptom clusters and BGRATE (rise from pre- to postmeal blood glucose)    
    Depressive (sad/blue, not care/apathetic, and slowed down/sleepy) 0.45§; 0.56§ 0.39; 0.53§  
    Anxious (restless/jittery, nervous/anxious, and irritable/frustrated) 0.43; 0.49§ 0.41; 0.51§  
    Cognitive (difficulty concentrating, slowed thinking/foggy, uncoordinated, and difficulty speaking) 0.48§; 0.55§ 0.47§; 0.54§  
    Energetic (alert/crisp/awake, energetic/lively, and enjoying myself) 0.11; −0.16 0.13; −0.6  

Data are means ± SD or average scores: breakfast; supper.

*

Using Koch Model.

Scores were recoded to present % of time symptoms occurred.

P < 0.05;

§

P < 0.01.

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