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Table 2—

Missed insulin by age, sex, glycemic control, and complications

Groups
Significant differences (P ≤ 0.05)
Never missed insulinMissed insulin 5 times/monthMissed insulin 3 times/weekMissed insulin ≥3 consecutive days
Age      
    5–11.5 years 13 (35.1) 6 (42.9) 4 (21.1) 8 (27.6) 0.172 
    11.5–15.5 years 14 (37.8) 5 (35.7) 6 (34.5) 10 (35.4) 0.410 
    15.5–18 years 10 (27.0) 3 (21.4) 9 (47.4) 11 (37.9) 0.837 
Sex (male/female) 16 (43.2)/21 (56.8) 6 (42.9)/8 (57.1) 7 (36.8)/12 (63.2) 13 (44.8)/16 (55.2) 0.956 
A1C      
    <7.5% 1 (2.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) NA 
    7.5–10% 25 (69.4) 10 (71.4) 9 (47.4) 16 (53.3) 0.181 
    10–12.5% 5 (13.9) 2 (14.3) 1 (5.2) 6 (20.0) 0.804 
    >12% 5 (13.9) 2 (14.3) 9 (47.4) 8 (26.7) 0.271 
DKA 31 (83.3) 14 (100) 17 (89.5) 27 (93.1) 0.335 
Hypoglycemia 19 (51.4) 9 (64.3) 10 (52.6) 2 (6.9) 0.834 
Retinopathy 4 (10.8) 0 (0) 8 (42.1) 10 (34.5) 0.004 
Microalbuminuria 8 (21.6) 1 (7.1) 9 (47.4) 11 (29.3) 0.045 
Groups
Significant differences (P ≤ 0.05)
Never missed insulinMissed insulin 5 times/monthMissed insulin 3 times/weekMissed insulin ≥3 consecutive days
Age      
    5–11.5 years 13 (35.1) 6 (42.9) 4 (21.1) 8 (27.6) 0.172 
    11.5–15.5 years 14 (37.8) 5 (35.7) 6 (34.5) 10 (35.4) 0.410 
    15.5–18 years 10 (27.0) 3 (21.4) 9 (47.4) 11 (37.9) 0.837 
Sex (male/female) 16 (43.2)/21 (56.8) 6 (42.9)/8 (57.1) 7 (36.8)/12 (63.2) 13 (44.8)/16 (55.2) 0.956 
A1C      
    <7.5% 1 (2.8) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) NA 
    7.5–10% 25 (69.4) 10 (71.4) 9 (47.4) 16 (53.3) 0.181 
    10–12.5% 5 (13.9) 2 (14.3) 1 (5.2) 6 (20.0) 0.804 
    >12% 5 (13.9) 2 (14.3) 9 (47.4) 8 (26.7) 0.271 
DKA 31 (83.3) 14 (100) 17 (89.5) 27 (93.1) 0.335 
Hypoglycemia 19 (51.4) 9 (64.3) 10 (52.6) 2 (6.9) 0.834 
Retinopathy 4 (10.8) 0 (0) 8 (42.1) 10 (34.5) 0.004 
Microalbuminuria 8 (21.6) 1 (7.1) 9 (47.4) 11 (29.3) 0.045 

Data are n (%). NA, not applicable.

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