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Table 3—

Type of congenital anomalies detected among the offspring of women with prepregnancy diabetes*

Year (reference)No. of congenital anomalies according to anatomical location
Central nervous system or caudal dysgenesisCardiacGastrointestinalMusculoskeletalUrogenitalOrofacial cleftOther
1987 (6) 
1988 (7) 
1989 (8,9) 
1989 (13) 
2000 (14) 13 
1991 (15) 
1988 (16) 10 
Total number (% of all anomalies) 26 (20.8) 46 (36.8) 11 (8.8) 16 (12.8) 17 (13.6) 2 (1.6) 7 (5.6) 
Year (reference)No. of congenital anomalies according to anatomical location
Central nervous system or caudal dysgenesisCardiacGastrointestinalMusculoskeletalUrogenitalOrofacial cleftOther
1987 (6) 
1988 (7) 
1989 (8,9) 
1989 (13) 
2000 (14) 13 
1991 (15) 
1988 (16) 10 
Total number (% of all anomalies) 26 (20.8) 46 (36.8) 11 (8.8) 16 (12.8) 17 (13.6) 2 (1.6) 7 (5.6) 
*

More than one anomaly may be present in an affected offspring.

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