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Table 2—

Moderation analyses: significant results

ModeratorsDomain (P)Subcategory analyses
Methodology: longitudinal (L) vs. cross-sectional (C) Diet (0.021) L: (k = 2; r = 0.28; 95% CI 0.18–0.37); C: (k = 16; r = 0.15; 0.11–0.19) 
Self-care continuous (Con) vs. categorical (Cat) Overall analysis (0.001) Con: (k = 32; r = 0.24; 0.21–0.28); Cat: (k = 14; r = 0.13; 0.07–0.18) 
 Medication (0.011) Con: (k = 9; r = 0.20; 0.14–0.27); Cat: (k = 9; r = 0.09; 0.03–0.15) 
 Glucose monitoring (0.010) Con: (k = 9; r = 0.15; 0.09–0.22); Cat: (k = 6; r = 0.03; −0.03–0.10) 
Objective measure of self-care (O) vs. non-objective measure (N) Glucose monitoring (0.036) O: (k = 2; r = 0.22; 0.09–0.35); N: (k = 13; r = 0.07; 0.02–0.12) 
Population: youth (Y) vs. adults (A) Overall analysis (0.064) Y: (k = 10; r = 0.29; 0.20–0.37); A: (k = 37; r = 0.19; 0.15–0.24) 
 Glucose monitoring (0.023) Y: (k = 3; r = 0.27; 0.11–0.41); A: (k = 12; r = 0.08; 0.02–0.13) 
ModeratorsDomain (P)Subcategory analyses
Methodology: longitudinal (L) vs. cross-sectional (C) Diet (0.021) L: (k = 2; r = 0.28; 95% CI 0.18–0.37); C: (k = 16; r = 0.15; 0.11–0.19) 
Self-care continuous (Con) vs. categorical (Cat) Overall analysis (0.001) Con: (k = 32; r = 0.24; 0.21–0.28); Cat: (k = 14; r = 0.13; 0.07–0.18) 
 Medication (0.011) Con: (k = 9; r = 0.20; 0.14–0.27); Cat: (k = 9; r = 0.09; 0.03–0.15) 
 Glucose monitoring (0.010) Con: (k = 9; r = 0.15; 0.09–0.22); Cat: (k = 6; r = 0.03; −0.03–0.10) 
Objective measure of self-care (O) vs. non-objective measure (N) Glucose monitoring (0.036) O: (k = 2; r = 0.22; 0.09–0.35); N: (k = 13; r = 0.07; 0.02–0.12) 
Population: youth (Y) vs. adults (A) Overall analysis (0.064) Y: (k = 10; r = 0.29; 0.20–0.37); A: (k = 37; r = 0.19; 0.15–0.24) 
 Glucose monitoring (0.023) Y: (k = 3; r = 0.27; 0.11–0.41); A: (k = 12; r = 0.08; 0.02–0.13) 
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