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Table 1—

Baseline clinical and biochemical characteristics of 5,829 Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes with and without metabolic syndrome as defined by National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria

Metabolic syndrome
P value
NoYes
n 2,844 2,985  
Age (years) 52.6 ± 13.1 55.6 ± 12.8 <0.001 
Men (%) 56.3 43.7 <0.001 
Smoking status (%)    
    Nonsmoker 70.2 73.9  
    Ex-smoker 15.6 13.0  
    Current smoker 14.2 13.1 0.003* 
Duration of diabetes (years) 6.0 ± 6.0 6.5 ± 6.3 0.003 
BMI (kg/m223.71 ± 3.3 26.5 ± 4.2 <0.001 
Waist circumference (cm)    
    Men 84.8 ± 8.3 92.4 ± 10.0 <0.001 
    Women 77.8 ± 7.6 87.6 ± 9.7 <0.001 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 127 ± 19 139 ± 18 <0.001 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74 ± 10 78 ± 11 <0.001 
A1C (%) 7.58 ± 1.93 7.78 ± 1.70 <0.001 
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l) 8.50 ± 3.27 8.91 ± 3.20 <0.001 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.02 (0.77–1.32) 1.90 (1.32–2.62) <0.001 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)    
    Men 1.36 ± 0.33 1.06 ± 0.28 <0.001 
    Women 1.56 ± 0.37 1.25 ± 0.31 <0.001 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.18 ± 0.91 3.25 ± 0.99 <0.001 
Plasma creatinine (μmol/l) 74.0 (62.0–88.0) 76.0 (63.0–90.0) <0.001 
eGFR (ml/min per 1.73m2117.8 ± 29.4 109.0 ± 29.2 <0.001 
Urinary ACR 1.15 (0.61–3.17) 2.42 (085–11.52) <0.001 
Albuminuria status    
    Normal (%) 73.3 52.7  
    Microalbuminuria (%) 21.0 32.4  
    Macroalbuminuria (%) 5.7 14.9 <0.001* 
    Neuropathy (%) 21.0 23.1 0.047* 
    Retinopathy (%) 19.7 23.8 <0.001* 
Metabolic syndrome
P value
NoYes
n 2,844 2,985  
Age (years) 52.6 ± 13.1 55.6 ± 12.8 <0.001 
Men (%) 56.3 43.7 <0.001 
Smoking status (%)    
    Nonsmoker 70.2 73.9  
    Ex-smoker 15.6 13.0  
    Current smoker 14.2 13.1 0.003* 
Duration of diabetes (years) 6.0 ± 6.0 6.5 ± 6.3 0.003 
BMI (kg/m223.71 ± 3.3 26.5 ± 4.2 <0.001 
Waist circumference (cm)    
    Men 84.8 ± 8.3 92.4 ± 10.0 <0.001 
    Women 77.8 ± 7.6 87.6 ± 9.7 <0.001 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 127 ± 19 139 ± 18 <0.001 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74 ± 10 78 ± 11 <0.001 
A1C (%) 7.58 ± 1.93 7.78 ± 1.70 <0.001 
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l) 8.50 ± 3.27 8.91 ± 3.20 <0.001 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.02 (0.77–1.32) 1.90 (1.32–2.62) <0.001 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)    
    Men 1.36 ± 0.33 1.06 ± 0.28 <0.001 
    Women 1.56 ± 0.37 1.25 ± 0.31 <0.001 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.18 ± 0.91 3.25 ± 0.99 <0.001 
Plasma creatinine (μmol/l) 74.0 (62.0–88.0) 76.0 (63.0–90.0) <0.001 
eGFR (ml/min per 1.73m2117.8 ± 29.4 109.0 ± 29.2 <0.001 
Urinary ACR 1.15 (0.61–3.17) 2.42 (085–11.52) <0.001 
Albuminuria status    
    Normal (%) 73.3 52.7  
    Microalbuminuria (%) 21.0 32.4  
    Macroalbuminuria (%) 5.7 14.9 <0.001* 
    Neuropathy (%) 21.0 23.1 0.047* 
    Retinopathy (%) 19.7 23.8 <0.001* 

Data are means ± SD or median (interquartile range) unless otherwise indicated.

*

Pearson χ2 test.

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