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Table 2—

Cox regression analysis showing the association of CKD with individual metabolic syndrome traits and covariables in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes

Independent variablesHR (95% CI)P value
Male sex 1.30 (1.10–1.53) 0.002 
Age per year 1.04 (1.04–1.05) <0.001 
Duration of diabetes (year) 1.02 (1.01–1.03) <0.001 
A1C 1.11 (1.07–1.16) <0.001 
Microalbuminuria 2.16 (1.77–2.63) <0.001 
Macroalbuminuria 5.82 (4.75–7.14) <0.001 
BMI 0.97 (0.94–0.99) 0.008 
Retinopathy 1.79 (1.52–2.10) <0.001 
Metabolic syndrome traits   
    Hypertension 1.37 (1.09–1.72) 0.007 
    Central obesity 1.58 (1.26–1.98) <0.001 
    Hypertriglyceridemia 1.24 (1.06–1.44) 0.006 
Independent variablesHR (95% CI)P value
Male sex 1.30 (1.10–1.53) 0.002 
Age per year 1.04 (1.04–1.05) <0.001 
Duration of diabetes (year) 1.02 (1.01–1.03) <0.001 
A1C 1.11 (1.07–1.16) <0.001 
Microalbuminuria 2.16 (1.77–2.63) <0.001 
Macroalbuminuria 5.82 (4.75–7.14) <0.001 
BMI 0.97 (0.94–0.99) 0.008 
Retinopathy 1.79 (1.52–2.10) <0.001 
Metabolic syndrome traits   
    Hypertension 1.37 (1.09–1.72) 0.007 
    Central obesity 1.58 (1.26–1.98) <0.001 
    Hypertriglyceridemia 1.24 (1.06–1.44) 0.006 
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