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Table 2—

Associations between each healthy and unhealthy weight-loss practices and diabetes type, by sex, among 1,646 youth aged ≥10 years of age who had ever tried to lose weight

Healthy weight-loss practices
Unhealthy weight-loss practices
ExerciseDietFastingDiet aidsVomiting/laxativesSkip insulin
Female (n = 1,037)       
    Type 2 (referent, type 1) 1.41 (0.71–2.80) 1.97 (1.26–3.07) 2.43 (1.44–4.10) 1.71 (0.98–2.96) 2.34 (0.90–6.14) 1.34 (0.56–3.17) 
Male (n = 609)       
    Type 2 (referent, type 1) 1.42 (0.42–4.81) 1.93 (1.17–3.19) 1.80 (0.84–3.84)    
All youth (n = 1,646)§       
    Type 2 (referent, type 1) 1.40 (0.77–2.54) 1.91 (1.37–2.67) 2.22 (1.45–3.40) 1.89 (1.18–3.02) 2.06 (0.89–4.76) 1.16 (0.52–2.59) 
Healthy weight-loss practices
Unhealthy weight-loss practices
ExerciseDietFastingDiet aidsVomiting/laxativesSkip insulin
Female (n = 1,037)       
    Type 2 (referent, type 1) 1.41 (0.71–2.80) 1.97 (1.26–3.07) 2.43 (1.44–4.10) 1.71 (0.98–2.96) 2.34 (0.90–6.14) 1.34 (0.56–3.17) 
Male (n = 609)       
    Type 2 (referent, type 1) 1.42 (0.42–4.81) 1.93 (1.17–3.19) 1.80 (0.84–3.84)    
All youth (n = 1,646)§       
    Type 2 (referent, type 1) 1.40 (0.77–2.54) 1.91 (1.37–2.67) 2.22 (1.45–3.40) 1.89 (1.18–3.02) 2.06 (0.89–4.76) 1.16 (0.52–2.59) 

Data are ORs (95% CI) by logistic regression, modeling the probability of each weight-loss practice separately.

Adjusted for respondents’ age category, highest parental education category, and race/ethnicity category. For these models, Asian/Pacific Islander youth, Native American youth, and youth of other race/ethnicity were combined into one group.

Prevalence too low to generate models.

§

Adjusted for covariates in previous model (†) plus sex.

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