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Table 2—

Clinical and metabolic parameters at 3 months postpartum in study subjects stratified by glucose tolerance status in pregnancy

Normal GCT NGTAbnormal GCT NGTGIGTGDMP value
n 93 166 91 137  
Months postpartum 3.2 (2.9–3.6) 3.3 (2.9–4.1) 3.3 (3.0–3.7) 3.1 (2.9–3.5) 0.0875 
BMI (kg/m224.6 (22.6–27.9) 25.8 (23.4–29.8) 26.0 (23.2–30.1) 26.6 (23.7–31.1) 0.0968 
Waist circumference (cm) 86.0 (79.8–94.0) 85.2 (80–94) 87.0 (83–96) 88.6 (81–99) 0.0456 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 107.8 (100.8–113.5) 108.8 (102.5–114.0) 110.0 (103.5–115.5) 111.0 (105.0–119.5) 0.0286 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 67.0 (60.0–70.0) 64.0 (59.5–70.0) 64.0 (60.0–70.0) 65.5 (60.0–73.0) 0.4467 
Current smoking 4 (4.4) 6 (3.6) 4 (4.4) 6 (4.4) 0.9662 
Current breast-feeding 88 (94.6) 153 (92.2) 80 (87.9) 131 (95.6) 0.8036 
ISOGTT 11.3 (8.2–15.7) 9.4 (6.5–14.3) 8.1 (5.4–11.9) 8.0 (5.3–11.6) <0.0001 
Insulinogenic index/HOMA-IR 14.1 (9.6–20.0) 9.8 (7.1–14.9) 8.9 (5.2–12.4) 8.1 (4.4–12.3) <0.0001 
AUCgluc 18.0 (15.9–20.3) 19.8 (17.3–21.9) 21.1 (18.9–23.4) 22.7 (20.1–25.1) <0.0001 
      
Normal GCT NGTAbnormal GCT NGTGIGTGDMP value
n 93 166 91 137  
Months postpartum 3.2 (2.9–3.6) 3.3 (2.9–4.1) 3.3 (3.0–3.7) 3.1 (2.9–3.5) 0.0875 
BMI (kg/m224.6 (22.6–27.9) 25.8 (23.4–29.8) 26.0 (23.2–30.1) 26.6 (23.7–31.1) 0.0968 
Waist circumference (cm) 86.0 (79.8–94.0) 85.2 (80–94) 87.0 (83–96) 88.6 (81–99) 0.0456 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 107.8 (100.8–113.5) 108.8 (102.5–114.0) 110.0 (103.5–115.5) 111.0 (105.0–119.5) 0.0286 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 67.0 (60.0–70.0) 64.0 (59.5–70.0) 64.0 (60.0–70.0) 65.5 (60.0–73.0) 0.4467 
Current smoking 4 (4.4) 6 (3.6) 4 (4.4) 6 (4.4) 0.9662 
Current breast-feeding 88 (94.6) 153 (92.2) 80 (87.9) 131 (95.6) 0.8036 
ISOGTT 11.3 (8.2–15.7) 9.4 (6.5–14.3) 8.1 (5.4–11.9) 8.0 (5.3–11.6) <0.0001 
Insulinogenic index/HOMA-IR 14.1 (9.6–20.0) 9.8 (7.1–14.9) 8.9 (5.2–12.4) 8.1 (4.4–12.3) <0.0001 
AUCgluc 18.0 (15.9–20.3) 19.8 (17.3–21.9) 21.1 (18.9–23.4) 22.7 (20.1–25.1) <0.0001 
      

Data are medians (interquartile range) or n (%). P values refer to overall differences across groups as derived from ANOVA for continuous variables (parametric test for normally distributed variables and nonparametric test for skewed variables), χ2 test for breast-feeding, or Fisher's exact test for smoking.

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