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Table 1—

Clinical and laboratory data in hospitalized diabetic patients with and without ketoacidosis

Children (n = 129)
Adults (n = 337)
Total (n = 466)
Without DKA (βOHB <3.0 mmol/l)With DKA (βOHB ≥3.0 mmol/l)Without DKA (βOHB <3.8 mmol/l)With DKA (βOHB ≥3.8 mmol/l)Without DKAWith DKA
n 43 86 175 162 218 248 
Type 2 diabetes 0 (0) 0 (0) 32 (19) 14 (8) 31 (14) 15 (6) 
βOHB (mmol/l) 1.5 ± 0.1 7.7 ± 0.3* 1.4 ± 0.1 7.7 ± 0.2* 1.4 ± 0.1 7.7 ± 0.2* 
HCO3 (mEq/l) 22 ± 0.6 10.4 ± 0.5* 22.8 ± 0.4 12.0 ± 0.5* 22.7 ± 0.3 11.5 ± 0.4* 
Glucose (mmol/l) 19.1 ± 1.5 28.0 ± 1.4* 19.9 ± 0.9 25.7 ± 0.9 19.5 ± 0.7 26.6 ± 0.7* 
pH 7.34 ± 0.02 (4) 7.17 ± 0.01 (27) 7.41 ± 0.01 (35) 7.18 ± 0.01 (69)* 7.40 ± 0.01 (39) 7.18 ± 0.01 (96)* 
Lactate (mmol/l) 2.36 ± 0.21 (9) 1.61 ± 0.10 (15) 2.02 ± 0.10 (59) 2.38 ± 0.11 (49) 2.05 ± 0.09 (68) 2.21 ± 0.08 (64) 
Children (n = 129)
Adults (n = 337)
Total (n = 466)
Without DKA (βOHB <3.0 mmol/l)With DKA (βOHB ≥3.0 mmol/l)Without DKA (βOHB <3.8 mmol/l)With DKA (βOHB ≥3.8 mmol/l)Without DKAWith DKA
n 43 86 175 162 218 248 
Type 2 diabetes 0 (0) 0 (0) 32 (19) 14 (8) 31 (14) 15 (6) 
βOHB (mmol/l) 1.5 ± 0.1 7.7 ± 0.3* 1.4 ± 0.1 7.7 ± 0.2* 1.4 ± 0.1 7.7 ± 0.2* 
HCO3 (mEq/l) 22 ± 0.6 10.4 ± 0.5* 22.8 ± 0.4 12.0 ± 0.5* 22.7 ± 0.3 11.5 ± 0.4* 
Glucose (mmol/l) 19.1 ± 1.5 28.0 ± 1.4* 19.9 ± 0.9 25.7 ± 0.9 19.5 ± 0.7 26.6 ± 0.7* 
pH 7.34 ± 0.02 (4) 7.17 ± 0.01 (27) 7.41 ± 0.01 (35) 7.18 ± 0.01 (69)* 7.40 ± 0.01 (39) 7.18 ± 0.01 (96)* 
Lactate (mmol/l) 2.36 ± 0.21 (9) 1.61 ± 0.10 (15) 2.02 ± 0.10 (59) 2.38 ± 0.11 (49) 2.05 ± 0.09 (68) 2.21 ± 0.08 (64) 

Data are n (%), means ± SD, or means ± SD (n).

*

P < 0.001 vs. patients without DKA;

P = 0.028 vs. adults.

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