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Table 4—

Risk factors for mild/moderate retinopathy by ethnicity

CaucasianChineseSouth AsianOther
n 770 609 176 50 
A1C (per %) 1.23 (1.09–1.38) 1.23 (1.11–1.37) 1.26 (1.03–1.53) 1.18 (0.78–1.79) 
Diabetes duration (per year) 1.08 (1.05–1.12) 1.03 (1.01–1.06) 1.02 (0.98–1.07) 1.11 (1.00–1.23) 
Systolic blood pressure (per 10 mmHg) 1.05 (0.98–1.13) 1.12 (1.04–1.21) 1.09 (0.92–1.28) 1.20 (0.80–1.80) 
CaucasianChineseSouth AsianOther
n 770 609 176 50 
A1C (per %) 1.23 (1.09–1.38) 1.23 (1.11–1.37) 1.26 (1.03–1.53) 1.18 (0.78–1.79) 
Diabetes duration (per year) 1.08 (1.05–1.12) 1.03 (1.01–1.06) 1.02 (0.98–1.07) 1.11 (1.00–1.23) 
Systolic blood pressure (per 10 mmHg) 1.05 (0.98–1.13) 1.12 (1.04–1.21) 1.09 (0.92–1.28) 1.20 (0.80–1.80) 

Data are ORs, adjusted for age and sex (95% CI).

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