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Table 2—

Relation between fitness and all-cause and cancer mortality in 21,663 men grouped by diabetic status, ACLS, 1973–2003

All-cause mortality
Cancer mortality
DeathsRate*HR (95% CI)DeathsRate*HR (95% CI)
Pre-diabetes       
    Low fit 482 48.6 1.0 157 24.4 1.0 
    Moderate fit 598 29.5 0.61 (0.54–0.69) 220 17.3 0.71 (0.57–0.88) 
    High fit 474 24.8 0.51 (0.44–0.59) 216 18.6 0.76 (0.60–0.97) 
Diabetes       
    Low fit 220 168.6 1.0 53 42.3 1.0 
    Moderate fit 170 87.4 0.52 (0.42–0.64) 45 22.5 0.53 (0.35–0.82) 
    High fit 92 61.4 0.36 (0.28–0.48) 28 18.6 0.44 (0.26–0.73) 
Combined       
    Low fit 707 92.6 1.0 210 27.0 1.0 
    Moderate fit 768 53.3 0.58 (0.52–0.64) 265 18.2 0.67 (0.56–0.82) 
    High fit 566 43.0 0.46 (0.41–0.53) 244 18.8 0.70 (0.56–0.86) 
All-cause mortality
Cancer mortality
DeathsRate*HR (95% CI)DeathsRate*HR (95% CI)
Pre-diabetes       
    Low fit 482 48.6 1.0 157 24.4 1.0 
    Moderate fit 598 29.5 0.61 (0.54–0.69) 220 17.3 0.71 (0.57–0.88) 
    High fit 474 24.8 0.51 (0.44–0.59) 216 18.6 0.76 (0.60–0.97) 
Diabetes       
    Low fit 220 168.6 1.0 53 42.3 1.0 
    Moderate fit 170 87.4 0.52 (0.42–0.64) 45 22.5 0.53 (0.35–0.82) 
    High fit 92 61.4 0.36 (0.28–0.48) 28 18.6 0.44 (0.26–0.73) 
Combined       
    Low fit 707 92.6 1.0 210 27.0 1.0 
    Moderate fit 768 53.3 0.58 (0.52–0.64) 265 18.2 0.67 (0.56–0.82) 
    High fit 566 43.0 0.46 (0.41–0.53) 244 18.8 0.70 (0.56–0.86) 

We used Cox proportional hazard models to estimate the HR including age, examination year, smoking, alcohol use, fasting glucose level, self-reported previous history of cancer, and BMI category as covariates.

*

Age-adjusted death rate (per 10,000 person-years).

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