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Table 1—

Characteristics of the type 2 diabetic patients

Characteristic
n 881 
Age (years) 66 ± 11 
Sex (male/female) 406/475 
Smoking (%) 19 
BMI (kg/m229.4 ± 4.8 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 146 ± 20 
Diabetes duration (years) 4.0 (1.5–8.1) 
A1C (%) 6.6 (6.0–7.6) 
Creatinine (μmol/l) 95 ± 19 
Creatinine clearance (ml/min) 77 ± 27 
Urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio 1.41 (0.76–3.79) 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.2 ± 1.0 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.3 ± 0.3 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.9 ± 0.9 
Triglycerides in mmol/l 2.1 (1.4–2.9) 
Microvascular disease (%) 50 
    Retinopathy 19 
    Neuropathy 24 
    (Micro)albuminuria 24 
Macrovascular disease (%) 37 
Skin autofluorescence (total group) (AU) 2.74 ± 0.7 
Characteristic
n 881 
Age (years) 66 ± 11 
Sex (male/female) 406/475 
Smoking (%) 19 
BMI (kg/m229.4 ± 4.8 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 146 ± 20 
Diabetes duration (years) 4.0 (1.5–8.1) 
A1C (%) 6.6 (6.0–7.6) 
Creatinine (μmol/l) 95 ± 19 
Creatinine clearance (ml/min) 77 ± 27 
Urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio 1.41 (0.76–3.79) 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.2 ± 1.0 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.3 ± 0.3 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.9 ± 0.9 
Triglycerides in mmol/l 2.1 (1.4–2.9) 
Microvascular disease (%) 50 
    Retinopathy 19 
    Neuropathy 24 
    (Micro)albuminuria 24 
Macrovascular disease (%) 37 
Skin autofluorescence (total group) (AU) 2.74 ± 0.7 

Values are means ± SD or median (interquartile range) unless otherwise indicated. Reference values of the laboratory: A1C 4.0–6.0%, creatinine 70–110 μmol/l, creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault formula) 80–120 ml/min, urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio 0–2.5, total cholesterol 3.5–5.0 mmol/l, HDL cholesterol 0.9–1.7 mmol/l, LDL cholesterol 3.6–4.4 mmol/l, and triglycerides 0.6–2.2 mmol/l.

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