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Table 1—

Characteristics of study participants at baseline according to whether type 2 diabetes developed after the 4-year follow-up

CharacteristicsTotalType 2 diabetes status after follow-up
No diabetesDiabetes
n 8,576 7,698 878 
Age (years) 47.8 ± 4.2 47.7 ± 4.1 48.7 ± 4.1 
BMI (kg/m223.4 ± 2.9 23.3 ± 2.8 24.6 ± 3.2 
FPG (mg/dl) 97.6 ± 9.5 96.3 ± 8.5 109.1 ± 9.8 
AST (IU/l) 25.8 ± 14.0 25.3 ± 12.9 30.0 ± 21.0 
ALT (IU/l) 29.3 ± 19.8 28.5 ± 18.7 37.0 ± 26.4 
GGT (IU/l) 65.1 ± 82.4 62.3 ± 76.3 89.6 ± 120.5 
Drinking habit (%) 84.4 84.5 83.8 
Daily alcohol consumption (g ethanol) 25.2 ± 21.9 25.1 ± 21.9 25.8 ± 22.3 
Smoking habit (%)    
    Nonsmokers 21.5 21.6 20.4 
    Past smokers 22.4 22.2 24.4 
    Current smokers 56.1 56.2 55.2 
Walk to work (%)    
    0–10 min 19.8 19.6 21.6 
    11–20 min 52.4 52.3 52.7 
    ≥21 min 27.8 28.1 25.6 
Regular leisure-time physical activity (%) 18.1 18.2 16.6 
Parental history of diabetes (%) 12.9 12.0 21.0 
CharacteristicsTotalType 2 diabetes status after follow-up
No diabetesDiabetes
n 8,576 7,698 878 
Age (years) 47.8 ± 4.2 47.7 ± 4.1 48.7 ± 4.1 
BMI (kg/m223.4 ± 2.9 23.3 ± 2.8 24.6 ± 3.2 
FPG (mg/dl) 97.6 ± 9.5 96.3 ± 8.5 109.1 ± 9.8 
AST (IU/l) 25.8 ± 14.0 25.3 ± 12.9 30.0 ± 21.0 
ALT (IU/l) 29.3 ± 19.8 28.5 ± 18.7 37.0 ± 26.4 
GGT (IU/l) 65.1 ± 82.4 62.3 ± 76.3 89.6 ± 120.5 
Drinking habit (%) 84.4 84.5 83.8 
Daily alcohol consumption (g ethanol) 25.2 ± 21.9 25.1 ± 21.9 25.8 ± 22.3 
Smoking habit (%)    
    Nonsmokers 21.5 21.6 20.4 
    Past smokers 22.4 22.2 24.4 
    Current smokers 56.1 56.2 55.2 
Walk to work (%)    
    0–10 min 19.8 19.6 21.6 
    11–20 min 52.4 52.3 52.7 
    ≥21 min 27.8 28.1 25.6 
Regular leisure-time physical activity (%) 18.1 18.2 16.6 
Parental history of diabetes (%) 12.9 12.0 21.0 

Data are means ± SD or percent.

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