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Table 2—

Age-and sex-adjusted rates of hypertension, elevated levels of LDL, and type 2 diabetes, as well as treatment and control, among BMI categories

BMI 18.5 to <25 kg/m2BMI 25 to <30 kg/m2BMI ≥30 kg/m2P value*
n 2,458 2,596 1,747  
Hypertension     
    Prevalence 11.5 (10.2–12.9) 22.8 (21.0–24.8) 37.6 (34.5–40.7) <0.001 
    Treatment 58.7 (49.8–67.1) 59.0 (52.8–65.0) 62.3 (56.1–68.2) 0.002 
    Control 36.7 (30.3–43.5) 37.3 (32.7–41.9) 39.4 (34.9–44.0) 0.48 
Elevated LDL cholesterol levels     
    Prevalence 12.7 (11.3–14.2) 28.2 (26.2–30.4) 35.1 (32.2–38.2) <0.001 
    Treatment 34.2 (28.2–40.6) 36.4 (32.3–40.6) 39.5 (34.9–44.4) 0.02 
    Control 26.7 (21.5–32.4) 26.0 (22.6–29.7) 29.2 (25.3–33.4) 0.11 
Diabetes     
    Prevalence 1.4 (0.9–1.9) 4.1 (3.4–5.0) 11.9 (10.3–13.6) <0.001 
    Treatment 69.2 (38.6–90.9) 50.0 (35.2–64.8) 55.0 (44.7–65.0) 0.54 
    A1C <7.0% 50.0 (18.7–81.3) 58.8 (40.7–75.4) 47.7 (35.3–59.4) 0.26 
    Fasting plasma glucose <126 mg/dl 30.4 (13.2–52.9) 20.7 (12.8–30.7) 15.7 (10.8–21.7) 0.02 
BMI 18.5 to <25 kg/m2BMI 25 to <30 kg/m2BMI ≥30 kg/m2P value*
n 2,458 2,596 1,747  
Hypertension     
    Prevalence 11.5 (10.2–12.9) 22.8 (21.0–24.8) 37.6 (34.5–40.7) <0.001 
    Treatment 58.7 (49.8–67.1) 59.0 (52.8–65.0) 62.3 (56.1–68.2) 0.002 
    Control 36.7 (30.3–43.5) 37.3 (32.7–41.9) 39.4 (34.9–44.0) 0.48 
Elevated LDL cholesterol levels     
    Prevalence 12.7 (11.3–14.2) 28.2 (26.2–30.4) 35.1 (32.2–38.2) <0.001 
    Treatment 34.2 (28.2–40.6) 36.4 (32.3–40.6) 39.5 (34.9–44.4) 0.02 
    Control 26.7 (21.5–32.4) 26.0 (22.6–29.7) 29.2 (25.3–33.4) 0.11 
Diabetes     
    Prevalence 1.4 (0.9–1.9) 4.1 (3.4–5.0) 11.9 (10.3–13.6) <0.001 
    Treatment 69.2 (38.6–90.9) 50.0 (35.2–64.8) 55.0 (44.7–65.0) 0.54 
    A1C <7.0% 50.0 (18.7–81.3) 58.8 (40.7–75.4) 47.7 (35.3–59.4) 0.26 
    Fasting plasma glucose <126 mg/dl 30.4 (13.2–52.9) 20.7 (12.8–30.7) 15.7 (10.8–21.7) 0.02 

Data are % of participants (95% CI). SI conversion factor: To convert fasting plasma glucose to millimoles per liter, multiply milligrams per deciliter values by 0.0555.

*

Global GEE P value.

Data available for Offspring cohort only.

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