Skip to Main Content
Table 1—

Characteristics of the study population by quintile of total intake of fruit and vegetables in 1984

Total intake of fruit and vegetables in 1984
Quintile 1Quintile 2Quintile 3Quintile 4Quintile 5
n 14,573 14,408 14,337 14,118 13,910 
Median intake fruits and vegetables (servings/day)* 2.1 3.2 4.2 5.3 7.5 
Median intake fruit (servings/day)* 0.5 0.9 1.2 1.7 2.5 
Median intake vegetables (servings/day) 1.5 2.3 3.0 3.7 5.2 
Median intake fruit juices (servings/day) 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 
Age (years) 48.5 ± 7.1 49.4 ± 7.2 50.2 ± 7.1 50.8 ± 7.1 51.8 ± 7.0 
BMI (kg/m223.5 ± 7.1 23.6 ± 7.0 23.6 ± 6.9 23.7 ± 6.9 23.6 ± 7.0 
Alcohol (g) 7.4 ± 12.7 7.2 ± 11.6 7.1 ± 11.0 6.9 ± 10.6 6.6 ± 10.5 
Physical activity (h/week) 2.1 ± 2.0 2.2 ± 2.1 2.4 ± 2.1 2.5 ± 2.2 2.8 ± 2.3 
Current smoker (%) 34 27 23 20 17 
Hypertension (%) 19 20 19 20 21 
Hypercholesterolemia (%) 
Current use of hormone replacement (%) 22 23 24 26 26 
Premenopausal (%) 47 47 47 46 45 
Family history of diabetes (%) 25 25 25 25 26 
Dietary intake      
    Total energy (kcal) 1,457 ± 465 1,621 ± 474 1,744 ± 486 1,859 ± 501 2,061 ± 537 
    Carbohydrate (g) 176 ± 35 181 ± 31 184 ± 30 187 ± 29 195 ± 31 
    Glycemic load (g) 98 ± 22 98 ± 20 98 ± 19 99 ± 18 101 ± 19 
    Protein (g) 67 ± 13 69 ± 12 71 ± 12 73 ± 12 76 ± 14 
    Polyunsaturated fat (g) 11.7 ± 3.3 11.9 ± 3.1 11.9 ± 3.0 11.8 ± 3.0 11.6 ± 3.2 
    Monounsaturated fat (g) 24.0 ± 4.6 23.3 ± 4.1 22.7 ± 3.9 21.8 ± 3.8 20.3 ± 4.0 
    Saturated fat (g) 23.9 ± 5.0 23.0 ± 4.4 22.3 ± 4.2 21.5 ± 4.0 20.0 ± 4.2 
    Trans-unsaturated fat (g) 3.8 ± 1.2 3.6 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 1.0 3.2 ± 1.0 2.9 ± 0.9 
    Cholesterol (mg) 284 ± 108 286 ± 94 287 ± 90 287 ± 90 281 ± 95 
    Fiber (g) 12.1 ± 3.2 14.4 ± 3.1 16.0 ± 3.3 17.8 ± 3.6 21.3 ± 4.9 
Total intake of fruit and vegetables in 1984
Quintile 1Quintile 2Quintile 3Quintile 4Quintile 5
n 14,573 14,408 14,337 14,118 13,910 
Median intake fruits and vegetables (servings/day)* 2.1 3.2 4.2 5.3 7.5 
Median intake fruit (servings/day)* 0.5 0.9 1.2 1.7 2.5 
Median intake vegetables (servings/day) 1.5 2.3 3.0 3.7 5.2 
Median intake fruit juices (servings/day) 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 
Age (years) 48.5 ± 7.1 49.4 ± 7.2 50.2 ± 7.1 50.8 ± 7.1 51.8 ± 7.0 
BMI (kg/m223.5 ± 7.1 23.6 ± 7.0 23.6 ± 6.9 23.7 ± 6.9 23.6 ± 7.0 
Alcohol (g) 7.4 ± 12.7 7.2 ± 11.6 7.1 ± 11.0 6.9 ± 10.6 6.6 ± 10.5 
Physical activity (h/week) 2.1 ± 2.0 2.2 ± 2.1 2.4 ± 2.1 2.5 ± 2.2 2.8 ± 2.3 
Current smoker (%) 34 27 23 20 17 
Hypertension (%) 19 20 19 20 21 
Hypercholesterolemia (%) 
Current use of hormone replacement (%) 22 23 24 26 26 
Premenopausal (%) 47 47 47 46 45 
Family history of diabetes (%) 25 25 25 25 26 
Dietary intake      
    Total energy (kcal) 1,457 ± 465 1,621 ± 474 1,744 ± 486 1,859 ± 501 2,061 ± 537 
    Carbohydrate (g) 176 ± 35 181 ± 31 184 ± 30 187 ± 29 195 ± 31 
    Glycemic load (g) 98 ± 22 98 ± 20 98 ± 19 99 ± 18 101 ± 19 
    Protein (g) 67 ± 13 69 ± 12 71 ± 12 73 ± 12 76 ± 14 
    Polyunsaturated fat (g) 11.7 ± 3.3 11.9 ± 3.1 11.9 ± 3.0 11.8 ± 3.0 11.6 ± 3.2 
    Monounsaturated fat (g) 24.0 ± 4.6 23.3 ± 4.1 22.7 ± 3.9 21.8 ± 3.8 20.3 ± 4.0 
    Saturated fat (g) 23.9 ± 5.0 23.0 ± 4.4 22.3 ± 4.2 21.5 ± 4.0 20.0 ± 4.2 
    Trans-unsaturated fat (g) 3.8 ± 1.2 3.6 ± 1.1 3.4 ± 1.0 3.2 ± 1.0 2.9 ± 0.9 
    Cholesterol (mg) 284 ± 108 286 ± 94 287 ± 90 287 ± 90 281 ± 95 
    Fiber (g) 12.1 ± 3.2 14.4 ± 3.1 16.0 ± 3.3 17.8 ± 3.6 21.3 ± 4.9 

Data are % categorical or means ± SD of continuous population characteristics adjusted for total energy intake unless otherwise indicated. Total n = 71,346 women.

*

Neither fruits nor fruit and vegetables include fruit juices.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal