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Table 1—

Sample characteristics

Medication prescribed
AntihyperglycemicAntihyperglycemic plus antihypertensive
803 573 
Age (years) 55.3 + 11.8 57.2 ± 10.7 
Sex (% male) 38.4 31.7 
African American 58.3 61.9 
Level of education (%)   
    <12 years 21.6 22.8 
    12 years (high school degree) 35.7 36.6 
    >12 years 42.7 40.6 
Household income bracket (%)   
    $0–$10,000 30.2 32.5 
    $11,000–$20,000 23.7 24.4 
    $21,000–$30,000 7.4 6.9 
    $31,000–$60,000 20.2 19.6 
    >$60,000 18.5 17.0 
No. of medical conditions 2.7 ± 1.9 3.0 ± 1.9 
No. of prescription medications 4.3 ± 1.2 4.6 ± 1.0 
Prescribed insulin (%) 39.9 41.8 
A1C 7.8 ± 2.0 7.7 ± 2.0 
SBP (mmHg) 139.2 ± 21.2 142.0 ± 22.5 
DBP (mmHg) 83.1 ± 12.0 83.7 ± 12.8 
Low health literacy (%) 37.2 39.5 
Has a primary care provider (%) 75.1 73.0 
Prior diabetes education (%) 60.2 59.8 
Medication beliefs   
    Necessity 3.8 ± 0.6 3.7 ± 0.6 
    Concerns 2.8 ± 0.7 2.7 ± 0.6 
Medication prescribed
AntihyperglycemicAntihyperglycemic plus antihypertensive
803 573 
Age (years) 55.3 + 11.8 57.2 ± 10.7 
Sex (% male) 38.4 31.7 
African American 58.3 61.9 
Level of education (%)   
    <12 years 21.6 22.8 
    12 years (high school degree) 35.7 36.6 
    >12 years 42.7 40.6 
Household income bracket (%)   
    $0–$10,000 30.2 32.5 
    $11,000–$20,000 23.7 24.4 
    $21,000–$30,000 7.4 6.9 
    $31,000–$60,000 20.2 19.6 
    >$60,000 18.5 17.0 
No. of medical conditions 2.7 ± 1.9 3.0 ± 1.9 
No. of prescription medications 4.3 ± 1.2 4.6 ± 1.0 
Prescribed insulin (%) 39.9 41.8 
A1C 7.8 ± 2.0 7.7 ± 2.0 
SBP (mmHg) 139.2 ± 21.2 142.0 ± 22.5 
DBP (mmHg) 83.1 ± 12.0 83.7 ± 12.8 
Low health literacy (%) 37.2 39.5 
Has a primary care provider (%) 75.1 73.0 
Prior diabetes education (%) 60.2 59.8 
Medication beliefs   
    Necessity 3.8 ± 0.6 3.7 ± 0.6 
    Concerns 2.8 ± 0.7 2.7 ± 0.6 

Data are mean ± SD or %.

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