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Table 2—

Bivariate associations between patient characteristics and medication beliefs

Medication beliefs
Antihyperglycemic
Antihyperglycemic
NecessityConcernsNecessityConcerns
n 803  573  
Age (years) −0.11*** −0.18*** −0.09* −0.16*** 
Sex (male) −0.03 −0.07* −0.11** 0.02 
Ethnic minority −0.04 0.11*** 0.00 0.09* 
Level of education −0.02 0.01 −0.07 0.02 
Household income bracket −0.08* −0.09* −0.05 −0.14*** 
Number of prescription medications 0.22*** 0.05 0.18*** 0.004 
Prescribed insulin 0.28*** 0.06 0.05 −0.03 
Number of medical conditions 0.21*** 0.12*** 0.18*** 0.07 
Satisfaction with medication information 0.03 −0.16*** 0.10* −0.17*** 
Low functional health literacy 0.01 0.14*** 0.03 0.23*** 
Out-of-pocket prescription costs >$50/month 0.08* 0.05 0.08 −0.03 
Medication beliefs
Antihyperglycemic
Antihyperglycemic
NecessityConcernsNecessityConcerns
n 803  573  
Age (years) −0.11*** −0.18*** −0.09* −0.16*** 
Sex (male) −0.03 −0.07* −0.11** 0.02 
Ethnic minority −0.04 0.11*** 0.00 0.09* 
Level of education −0.02 0.01 −0.07 0.02 
Household income bracket −0.08* −0.09* −0.05 −0.14*** 
Number of prescription medications 0.22*** 0.05 0.18*** 0.004 
Prescribed insulin 0.28*** 0.06 0.05 −0.03 
Number of medical conditions 0.21*** 0.12*** 0.18*** 0.07 
Satisfaction with medication information 0.03 −0.16*** 0.10* −0.17*** 
Low functional health literacy 0.01 0.14*** 0.03 0.23*** 
Out-of-pocket prescription costs >$50/month 0.08* 0.05 0.08 −0.03 

Cell entries represent Spearman's ρ values.

*

P < 0.05;

**

P < 0.01;

***

P < 0.005.

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