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Table 2—

Study population characteristics by quartiles of the simplified food pattern score at baseline (n = 880)

Quartiles of simplified food pattern score
P2 test for trend)
1234
Demographics and design characteristics      
    Age (years) 56.4 ± 8.4 55.4 ± 8.3 53.7 ± 8.2 53.2 ± 8.6 0.0001 
    Male sex (%) 42.3 38.6 42.3 49.1 0.1625 
    Female sex (%) 57.7 61.4 57.7 50.9 0.1625 
    Non-Hispanic white (%) 41.4 47.7 38.2 33.6 0.0221 
    Non-Hispanic black (%) 51.3 31.4 16.4 4.6 <0.0001 
    Hispanic (%) 7.3 20.9 45.4 61.8 <0.0001 
    Normal glucose tolerance (%) 66.8 62.7 68.6 67.7 0.5695 
    IGT (%) 33.2 37.3 31.4 32.3 0.5695 
Biomarkers      
    PAI-1 (ng/ml) 15 ± 15 22 ± 28 24 ± 18 28 ± 20 <0.0001 
    Fibrinogen (mg/dl) 269 ± 52 277 ± 60 276 ± 56 280 ± 56 0.2127 
    BMI (kg/m2)* 27.2 ± 4.3 28.6 ± 6.0 28.7 ± 5.8 29.3 ± 6.3 0.0025 
    Waist circumference (cm) 87.6 ± 11.4 90.3 ± 13.2 90.5 ± 12.3 92.8 ± 12.8 0.0004 
    Fasting insulin (μU/ml) 14 ± 14 15 ± 13 16 ± 12 18 ± 20 <0.0001 
    SI (min−1)(μU−1)(ml−1)(10−4) 2.5 ± 2.2 2.1 ± 1.8 2.2 ± 1.9 2.0 ± 1.8 0.0261 
    AIR (μU/ml/min) 57.5 ± 47.2 64.7 ± 52.6 70.1 ± 61.1 72.8 ± 64.8 0.0041 
    Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.3 ± 0.8 1.5 ± 0.9 1.6 ± 1.1 1.6 ± 1.1 0.0006 
    HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.3 ± 0.4 1.2 ± 0.4 1.2 ± 0.4 1.1 ± 0.3 <0.0001 
Quartiles of simplified food pattern score
P2 test for trend)
1234
Demographics and design characteristics      
    Age (years) 56.4 ± 8.4 55.4 ± 8.3 53.7 ± 8.2 53.2 ± 8.6 0.0001 
    Male sex (%) 42.3 38.6 42.3 49.1 0.1625 
    Female sex (%) 57.7 61.4 57.7 50.9 0.1625 
    Non-Hispanic white (%) 41.4 47.7 38.2 33.6 0.0221 
    Non-Hispanic black (%) 51.3 31.4 16.4 4.6 <0.0001 
    Hispanic (%) 7.3 20.9 45.4 61.8 <0.0001 
    Normal glucose tolerance (%) 66.8 62.7 68.6 67.7 0.5695 
    IGT (%) 33.2 37.3 31.4 32.3 0.5695 
Biomarkers      
    PAI-1 (ng/ml) 15 ± 15 22 ± 28 24 ± 18 28 ± 20 <0.0001 
    Fibrinogen (mg/dl) 269 ± 52 277 ± 60 276 ± 56 280 ± 56 0.2127 
    BMI (kg/m2)* 27.2 ± 4.3 28.6 ± 6.0 28.7 ± 5.8 29.3 ± 6.3 0.0025 
    Waist circumference (cm) 87.6 ± 11.4 90.3 ± 13.2 90.5 ± 12.3 92.8 ± 12.8 0.0004 
    Fasting insulin (μU/ml) 14 ± 14 15 ± 13 16 ± 12 18 ± 20 <0.0001 
    SI (min−1)(μU−1)(ml−1)(10−4) 2.5 ± 2.2 2.1 ± 1.8 2.2 ± 1.9 2.0 ± 1.8 0.0261 
    AIR (μU/ml/min) 57.5 ± 47.2 64.7 ± 52.6 70.1 ± 61.1 72.8 ± 64.8 0.0041 
    Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.3 ± 0.8 1.5 ± 0.9 1.6 ± 1.1 1.6 ± 1.1 0.0006 
    HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.3 ± 0.4 1.2 ± 0.4 1.2 ± 0.4 1.1 ± 0.3 <0.0001 

Data are % or means ± SD.

*

Sample size is n = 878.

Sample size is n = 831.

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