Skip to Main Content
Table 1—

Characteristics of women with a history of GDM by postpartum glucose screening status: KPNC GDM registry: 1995–2006

Without postpartum glucose screeningWith postpartum glucose screeningP
n 8,924 5,524  
Age (years)   <0.0001 
    <25 9.4 5.4  
    25–35 64.1 63.0  
    ≥36 26.6 31.6  
Race/ethnicity   <0.0001 
    Non-Hispanic white 34.8 28.0  
    African American 5.6 3.2  
    Asian 23.2 31.3  
    Hispanic 24.6 27.1  
    Other 4.8 5.6  
    Unknown 7.0 4.8  
Education   <0.0001 
    Less than high school 12.2 11.7  
    High school graduate 29.9 24.4  
    2-year college 23.4 20.9  
    4-year college 21.5 26.4  
    Postgraduate degree 11.3 15.2  
    Unknown 1.8 1.5  
Annual household income   0.0003 
    <$30,000 6.6 4.4  
    $30,000–59,000 43.3 38.0  
    $60,000–99,000 39.8 44.5  
    ≥$100,000 4.9 6.8  
    Unknown 5.4 6.3  
Parity   0.0003 
    0 37.4 40.4  
    1 32.5 32.8  
    ≥2 30.1 26.8  
Obese 10.4 8.9 <0.0001 
Gestational age at GDM diagnosis (weeks)   <0.0001 
    <20 8.4 13.7  
    20–24 3.9 4.8  
    25–30 57.2 63.9  
    31–37 26.4 14.0  
    ≥38 0.7 0.2  
    Unknown 3.5 3.4  
Plasma glucose at the 100-g OGTT    
    Fasting   0.29 
        <95 mg/dl 58.0 58.0  
        ≥95 but <105 mg/dl 20.3 21.2  
        ≥105 mg/dl 21.7 20.9  
    1-h   0.16 
        <180 mg/dl 10.5 9.6  
        ≥180 but <190 mg/dl 5.9 5.7  
        ≥190 mg/dl 83.5 84.6  
    2-h   0.85 
        <155 mg/dl 5.5 5.4  
        ≥155 but <165 mg/dl 3.3 3.2  
        ≥165 mg/dl 91.1 91.4  
    3-h   0.99 
        <140 mg/dl 46.7 46.7  
        ≥140 but <145 mg/dl 4.4 4.4  
        ≥145 mg/dl 49.0 49.0  
Diabetes medication during pregnancy    
    Insulin 12.6 15.2 <0.0001 
    Glyburide 6.4 13.9 <0.0001 
Macrosomic infant delivered 15.5 13.8 0.014 
Without postpartum glucose screeningWith postpartum glucose screeningP
n 8,924 5,524  
Age (years)   <0.0001 
    <25 9.4 5.4  
    25–35 64.1 63.0  
    ≥36 26.6 31.6  
Race/ethnicity   <0.0001 
    Non-Hispanic white 34.8 28.0  
    African American 5.6 3.2  
    Asian 23.2 31.3  
    Hispanic 24.6 27.1  
    Other 4.8 5.6  
    Unknown 7.0 4.8  
Education   <0.0001 
    Less than high school 12.2 11.7  
    High school graduate 29.9 24.4  
    2-year college 23.4 20.9  
    4-year college 21.5 26.4  
    Postgraduate degree 11.3 15.2  
    Unknown 1.8 1.5  
Annual household income   0.0003 
    <$30,000 6.6 4.4  
    $30,000–59,000 43.3 38.0  
    $60,000–99,000 39.8 44.5  
    ≥$100,000 4.9 6.8  
    Unknown 5.4 6.3  
Parity   0.0003 
    0 37.4 40.4  
    1 32.5 32.8  
    ≥2 30.1 26.8  
Obese 10.4 8.9 <0.0001 
Gestational age at GDM diagnosis (weeks)   <0.0001 
    <20 8.4 13.7  
    20–24 3.9 4.8  
    25–30 57.2 63.9  
    31–37 26.4 14.0  
    ≥38 0.7 0.2  
    Unknown 3.5 3.4  
Plasma glucose at the 100-g OGTT    
    Fasting   0.29 
        <95 mg/dl 58.0 58.0  
        ≥95 but <105 mg/dl 20.3 21.2  
        ≥105 mg/dl 21.7 20.9  
    1-h   0.16 
        <180 mg/dl 10.5 9.6  
        ≥180 but <190 mg/dl 5.9 5.7  
        ≥190 mg/dl 83.5 84.6  
    2-h   0.85 
        <155 mg/dl 5.5 5.4  
        ≥155 but <165 mg/dl 3.3 3.2  
        ≥165 mg/dl 91.1 91.4  
    3-h   0.99 
        <140 mg/dl 46.7 46.7  
        ≥140 but <145 mg/dl 4.4 4.4  
        ≥145 mg/dl 49.0 49.0  
Diabetes medication during pregnancy    
    Insulin 12.6 15.2 <0.0001 
    Glyburide 6.4 13.9 <0.0001 
Macrosomic infant delivered 15.5 13.8 0.014 
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal