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Table 1—

Baseline characteristics by cardiorespiratory fitness level: ACLS, 1974–2006

All1 (low)2345 (high)
n 14,006 1,706 2,594 2,848 3,407 3,451 
Age (years) 43.0 ± 8.8 41.9 ± 7.9 42.2 ± 8.4 43.6 ± 8.6 43.3 ± 9.0 43.3 ± 9.4 
Treadmill time (min) 18.8 ± 4.7 12.0 ± 2.2 15.2 ± 1.9 17.4 ± 2.0 20.2 ± 2.1 24.6 ± 2.9 
BMI (kg/m226.0 ± 3.3 28.7 ± 4.6 27.0 ± 3.3 26.2 ± 2.9 25.5 ± 2.5 24.3 ± 2.2 
    18.5–25.0 kg/m2 (%) 42.2 20.3 28.6 35.1 45.7 65.6 
    25.0–29.9 kg/m2 (%) 47.2 48.2 54.1 54.3 49.6 33.3 
    ≥30.0 kg/m2 (%) 10.6 31.5 17.2 10.6 4.7 1.1 
Waist girth (cm) 93.0 ± 9.8 102.9 ± 12.1 97.3 ± 9.6 94.7 ± 8.7 91.7 ± 7.8 87.0 ± 7.2 
    >102 cm (%) 17.0 50.9 30.6 19.3 9.7 2.6 
% body fat 20.7 ± 6.3 25.6 ± 6.4 23.2 ± 5.7 21.8 ± 5.5 19.7 ± 5.3 16.4 ± 5.3 
    ≥25% (%) 24.1 54.6 38.2 26.8 15.1 5.1 
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 5.5 ± 0.5 5.5 ± 0.6 5.5 ± 0.5 5.5 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.5 
    ≥5.6 mmol/l (%) 43.9 49.1 47.0 45.0 41.6 40.5 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 120.4 ± 12.7 122.7 ± 13.8 120.5 ± 11.9 120.3 ± 12.6 119.8 ± 12.6 119.8 ± 12.9 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 80.4 ± 9.3 83.1 ± 10.0 81.6 ± 9.4 80.8 ± 9.4 79.8 ± 9.1 78.6 ± 8.5 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.4 ± 1.1 5.6 ± 1.0 5.5 ± 1.0 5.5 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.0 5.2 ± 1.2 
Alcohol consumption (g/week) 132.4 ± 255.2 152.0 ± 250.9 138.7 ± 250.0 136.1 ± 255.5 126.4 ± 258.1 120.7 ± 257.2 
Current smoking (%) 16.4 30.8 22.9 16.9 12.6 7.7 
Parental diabetes (%) 5.4 4.1 5.6 5.4 6.2 5.0 
Physically inactive (%) 27.5 65.2 47.7 29.9 14.6 4.6 
All1 (low)2345 (high)
n 14,006 1,706 2,594 2,848 3,407 3,451 
Age (years) 43.0 ± 8.8 41.9 ± 7.9 42.2 ± 8.4 43.6 ± 8.6 43.3 ± 9.0 43.3 ± 9.4 
Treadmill time (min) 18.8 ± 4.7 12.0 ± 2.2 15.2 ± 1.9 17.4 ± 2.0 20.2 ± 2.1 24.6 ± 2.9 
BMI (kg/m226.0 ± 3.3 28.7 ± 4.6 27.0 ± 3.3 26.2 ± 2.9 25.5 ± 2.5 24.3 ± 2.2 
    18.5–25.0 kg/m2 (%) 42.2 20.3 28.6 35.1 45.7 65.6 
    25.0–29.9 kg/m2 (%) 47.2 48.2 54.1 54.3 49.6 33.3 
    ≥30.0 kg/m2 (%) 10.6 31.5 17.2 10.6 4.7 1.1 
Waist girth (cm) 93.0 ± 9.8 102.9 ± 12.1 97.3 ± 9.6 94.7 ± 8.7 91.7 ± 7.8 87.0 ± 7.2 
    >102 cm (%) 17.0 50.9 30.6 19.3 9.7 2.6 
% body fat 20.7 ± 6.3 25.6 ± 6.4 23.2 ± 5.7 21.8 ± 5.5 19.7 ± 5.3 16.4 ± 5.3 
    ≥25% (%) 24.1 54.6 38.2 26.8 15.1 5.1 
Fasting glucose (mmol/l) 5.5 ± 0.5 5.5 ± 0.6 5.5 ± 0.5 5.5 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.5 5.4 ± 0.5 
    ≥5.6 mmol/l (%) 43.9 49.1 47.0 45.0 41.6 40.5 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 120.4 ± 12.7 122.7 ± 13.8 120.5 ± 11.9 120.3 ± 12.6 119.8 ± 12.6 119.8 ± 12.9 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 80.4 ± 9.3 83.1 ± 10.0 81.6 ± 9.4 80.8 ± 9.4 79.8 ± 9.1 78.6 ± 8.5 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.4 ± 1.1 5.6 ± 1.0 5.5 ± 1.0 5.5 ± 1.0 5.3 ± 1.0 5.2 ± 1.2 
Alcohol consumption (g/week) 132.4 ± 255.2 152.0 ± 250.9 138.7 ± 250.0 136.1 ± 255.5 126.4 ± 258.1 120.7 ± 257.2 
Current smoking (%) 16.4 30.8 22.9 16.9 12.6 7.7 
Parental diabetes (%) 5.4 4.1 5.6 5.4 6.2 5.0 
Physically inactive (%) 27.5 65.2 47.7 29.9 14.6 4.6 

Data are means ± SD unless indicated otherwise.

*All Ptrend values across fitness level were <0.001 except for parental diabetes (P = 0.03).

Data from 10,326 men.

No leisure-time physical activity in the 3 months before the examination as reported on medical questionnaire.

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