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Table 1—

Baseline characteristics of 20,703 men and 36,295 women according to egg consumption

Eggs per week
0<112–45–6≥7
Men       
    n 1,430 3,025 6,466 6,792 1,378 1,612 
    Age (years) 53.1 ± 9.2 52.8 ± 9.3 53.2 ± 9.3 53.4 ± 9.4 53.8 ± 9.3 56.4 ± 10.0 
    BMI (kg/m224.1 ± 2.7 24.6 ± 2.6 24.7 ± 2.7 24.9 ± 2.7 25.1 ± 2.9 24.9 ± 3.1 
    Fruits and vegetables per week 15.2 ± 8.4 14.1 ± 7.4 14.8 ± 7.1 15.3 ± 6.9 15.8 ± 7.4 17.0 ± 8.5 
    Whole milk 16.7 31.1 37.1 42.8 50.9 54.2 
    Skim milk 60.8 61.9 67.7 65.9 61.4 53.5 
    Nut intake* 72.2 77.9 80.4 81.8 82.7 77.8 
    Breakfast cereal 60.7 62.1 74.2 77.7 74.2 58.9 
    Smoking 6.4 8.8 9.8 12.0 14.6 16.8 
    Never smokers 56.9 51.0 51.1 48.6 46.9 41.6 
    Exercise 84.4 86.2 87.4 87.6 87.4 84.9 
    Current drinkers of ≥1 per day 21.5 23.3 23.9 25.8 26.4 30.7 
    Hypertension 22.8 20.3 22.8 22.9 24.7 26.2 
    High cholesterol 14.6 12.9 12.0 11.1 10.4 10.4 
Women       
    n 6,381 10,758 9,222 8,921 647 366 
    Age (years) 55.2 ± 7.2 54.3 ± 7.0 54.4 ± 6.9 54.5 ± 7.0 54.6 ± 7.0 55.1 ± 7.2 
    BMI (kg/m225.1 ± 4.6 25.7 ± 4.8 25.8 ± 4.8 26.6 ± 5.2 27.4 ± 6.0 26.9 ± 6.0 
    Fruits and vegetables per week 6.2 ± 3.6 5.7 ± 3.2 6.0 ± 3.1 6.3 ± 3.1 6.4 ± 3.5 6.4 ± 3.8 
    Red meat (servings/day) 0.45 ± 0.45 0.62 ± 0.46 0.75 ± 0.49 0.93 ± 0.59 1.15 ± 0.76 1.26 ± 0.83 
    Energy intake (kcal/day) 1,547 ± 506 1,614 ± 498 1,758 ± 503 1,925 ± 530 2,043 ± 585 2,072 ± 605 
    Exercise (kcal/week) 1,078 ± 1,282 931 ± 1,172 911 ± 1,145 882 ± 1,104 833 ± 1,073 800 ± 1,040 
    Dietary cholesterol (g/day) 0.17 ± 0.06 0.20 ± 0.05 0.22 ± 0.05 0.28 ± 0.05 0.35 ± 0.07 0.44 ± 0.15 
    Trans fat (g/day) 1.95 ± 1.11 2.28 ± 1.08 2.35 ± 1.01 2.40 ± 1.00 2.55 ± 1.11 2.41 ± 0.98 
    Polyunsaturated fat (g/day) 10.6 ± 3.2 11.0 ± 2.9 11.2 ± 2.7 11.4 ± 2.7 11.8 ± 2.8 11.9 ± 3.1 
    Saturated fat (g/day) 17.3 ± 5.2 19.4 ± 4.7 20.0 ± 4.40 20.9 ± 4.4 22.4 ± 4.8 23.1 ± 5.5 
    Smoking 10.8 12.1 11.8 15.3 19.8 23.5 
    Current drinkers of ≥1 per day 10.2 9.8 10.8 11.5 10.5 10.4 
    Hypertension 24.7 23.6 23.4 26.6 29.5 27.1 
    High cholesterol 38.0 28.9 26.4 25.3 26.1 19.1 
    Family history of diabetes 24.6 24.2 24.1 25.9 27.5 23.5 
Eggs per week
0<112–45–6≥7
Men       
    n 1,430 3,025 6,466 6,792 1,378 1,612 
    Age (years) 53.1 ± 9.2 52.8 ± 9.3 53.2 ± 9.3 53.4 ± 9.4 53.8 ± 9.3 56.4 ± 10.0 
    BMI (kg/m224.1 ± 2.7 24.6 ± 2.6 24.7 ± 2.7 24.9 ± 2.7 25.1 ± 2.9 24.9 ± 3.1 
    Fruits and vegetables per week 15.2 ± 8.4 14.1 ± 7.4 14.8 ± 7.1 15.3 ± 6.9 15.8 ± 7.4 17.0 ± 8.5 
    Whole milk 16.7 31.1 37.1 42.8 50.9 54.2 
    Skim milk 60.8 61.9 67.7 65.9 61.4 53.5 
    Nut intake* 72.2 77.9 80.4 81.8 82.7 77.8 
    Breakfast cereal 60.7 62.1 74.2 77.7 74.2 58.9 
    Smoking 6.4 8.8 9.8 12.0 14.6 16.8 
    Never smokers 56.9 51.0 51.1 48.6 46.9 41.6 
    Exercise 84.4 86.2 87.4 87.6 87.4 84.9 
    Current drinkers of ≥1 per day 21.5 23.3 23.9 25.8 26.4 30.7 
    Hypertension 22.8 20.3 22.8 22.9 24.7 26.2 
    High cholesterol 14.6 12.9 12.0 11.1 10.4 10.4 
Women       
    n 6,381 10,758 9,222 8,921 647 366 
    Age (years) 55.2 ± 7.2 54.3 ± 7.0 54.4 ± 6.9 54.5 ± 7.0 54.6 ± 7.0 55.1 ± 7.2 
    BMI (kg/m225.1 ± 4.6 25.7 ± 4.8 25.8 ± 4.8 26.6 ± 5.2 27.4 ± 6.0 26.9 ± 6.0 
    Fruits and vegetables per week 6.2 ± 3.6 5.7 ± 3.2 6.0 ± 3.1 6.3 ± 3.1 6.4 ± 3.5 6.4 ± 3.8 
    Red meat (servings/day) 0.45 ± 0.45 0.62 ± 0.46 0.75 ± 0.49 0.93 ± 0.59 1.15 ± 0.76 1.26 ± 0.83 
    Energy intake (kcal/day) 1,547 ± 506 1,614 ± 498 1,758 ± 503 1,925 ± 530 2,043 ± 585 2,072 ± 605 
    Exercise (kcal/week) 1,078 ± 1,282 931 ± 1,172 911 ± 1,145 882 ± 1,104 833 ± 1,073 800 ± 1,040 
    Dietary cholesterol (g/day) 0.17 ± 0.06 0.20 ± 0.05 0.22 ± 0.05 0.28 ± 0.05 0.35 ± 0.07 0.44 ± 0.15 
    Trans fat (g/day) 1.95 ± 1.11 2.28 ± 1.08 2.35 ± 1.01 2.40 ± 1.00 2.55 ± 1.11 2.41 ± 0.98 
    Polyunsaturated fat (g/day) 10.6 ± 3.2 11.0 ± 2.9 11.2 ± 2.7 11.4 ± 2.7 11.8 ± 2.8 11.9 ± 3.1 
    Saturated fat (g/day) 17.3 ± 5.2 19.4 ± 4.7 20.0 ± 4.40 20.9 ± 4.4 22.4 ± 4.8 23.1 ± 5.5 
    Smoking 10.8 12.1 11.8 15.3 19.8 23.5 
    Current drinkers of ≥1 per day 10.2 9.8 10.8 11.5 10.5 10.4 
    Hypertension 24.7 23.6 23.4 26.6 29.5 27.1 
    High cholesterol 38.0 28.9 26.4 25.3 26.1 19.1 
    Family history of diabetes 24.6 24.2 24.1 25.9 27.5 23.5 

Data are mean ± SD or %.

*

Nut consumption assessed 1 year after randomization.

Energy adjusted.

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