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Table 2

Proportional hazards analysis results from all-cause mortality: NHANES III mortality follow-up

Reference categoryHR95% CIPPAR%95% CI
A1C (%)       
    ≥8 A1C <6% 1.65 1.11–2.45 0.01 15.3 1.6 to 27.8% 
    7–7.9  1.45 0.93–2.26 0.09 5.7 −1.8 to 13.4% 
    6–6.9  1.31 0.80–2.14 0.26 5.9 −5.6 to 18.0% 
Low HDL* HDL ≥40 for men, ≥50 for women 1.31 0.96–1.80 0.09 14.4 −5.3 to 31.9% 
Hypertension No history of hypertension or blood pressure <140/90 mmHg 1.26 0.96–1.66 0.08 14.4 −4.7 to 32.0% 
BMI ≥30 kg/m2 BMI <30 kg/m2 1.05 0.71–1.53 0.80 1.8 −15.1 to 17.1% 
No physical activity Insufficient or recommended levels 1.58 1.24–2.02 <0.001 16.4 6.0 to 26.8% 
Current smoker Nonsmoker 1.77 1.15–2.73 0.01 7.5 0.9 to 15.1% 
Reference categoryHR95% CIPPAR%95% CI
A1C (%)       
    ≥8 A1C <6% 1.65 1.11–2.45 0.01 15.3 1.6 to 27.8% 
    7–7.9  1.45 0.93–2.26 0.09 5.7 −1.8 to 13.4% 
    6–6.9  1.31 0.80–2.14 0.26 5.9 −5.6 to 18.0% 
Low HDL* HDL ≥40 for men, ≥50 for women 1.31 0.96–1.80 0.09 14.4 −5.3 to 31.9% 
Hypertension No history of hypertension or blood pressure <140/90 mmHg 1.26 0.96–1.66 0.08 14.4 −4.7 to 32.0% 
BMI ≥30 kg/m2 BMI <30 kg/m2 1.05 0.71–1.53 0.80 1.8 −15.1 to 17.1% 
No physical activity Insufficient or recommended levels 1.58 1.24–2.02 <0.001 16.4 6.0 to 26.8% 
Current smoker Nonsmoker 1.77 1.15–2.73 0.01 7.5 0.9 to 15.1% 

PAR% = prevalence among decedents × [(HR − 1)/HR].

*<40 for men, <50 for women.

†Blood pressure >140/90 mmHg or under treatment. Models control for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education.

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