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Table 1

Characteristics of survey responders by diabetes status: KPNC, 1993–1999

Diagnosed diabetesWithout diabetes
n 70,645 51,241 
Male sex 53.1 44.9 
Age (years)   
    <40 7.1 27.5 
    40–49 15.91 19.97 
    50–59 25.03 15.76 
    60–69 27.94 16.18 
    ≥70 24.0 20.6 
BMI (kg/m229.80 ± 6.48 26.06 ± 5.14 
    <25 19.74 45.93 
    25–26.9 12.88 16.85 
    27–29.9 18.61 16.60 
    ≥30 35.34 16.70 
    Missing 13.43 3.91 
Race/ethnicity   
    White 57.88 72.04 
    African American 12.92 5.83 
    Hispanic 13.16 7.95 
    Asian/Pacific Islander 12.63 11.39 
    Other 3.22 2.58 
    Missing 0.17 0.22 
Education   
    Some high school or high school graduate 40.24 26.15 
    Some college 27.21 40.01 
    College graduate or postcollege 21.33 32.96 
    Missing 11.23 0.88 
Alcohol consumption   
    Never 18.05 10.68 
    Past 23.95 14.50 
    Current 43.37 72.18 
    Missing 14.63 2.64 
Smoking   
    Never 42.70 56.81 
    Past smoker 35.41 29.05 
    Current smoker 10.52 12.46 
    Missing 11.38 1.68 
No. outpatient visits in the 12 months before baseline   
    0 13.50 6.66 
    1–2 22.25 17.31 
    3–4 18.80 13.93 
    5–9 26.51 17.54 
    10–19 14.65 9.05 
    ≥20 4.29 2.25 
    Missing 33.3 
Diagnosed diabetesWithout diabetes
n 70,645 51,241 
Male sex 53.1 44.9 
Age (years)   
    <40 7.1 27.5 
    40–49 15.91 19.97 
    50–59 25.03 15.76 
    60–69 27.94 16.18 
    ≥70 24.0 20.6 
BMI (kg/m229.80 ± 6.48 26.06 ± 5.14 
    <25 19.74 45.93 
    25–26.9 12.88 16.85 
    27–29.9 18.61 16.60 
    ≥30 35.34 16.70 
    Missing 13.43 3.91 
Race/ethnicity   
    White 57.88 72.04 
    African American 12.92 5.83 
    Hispanic 13.16 7.95 
    Asian/Pacific Islander 12.63 11.39 
    Other 3.22 2.58 
    Missing 0.17 0.22 
Education   
    Some high school or high school graduate 40.24 26.15 
    Some college 27.21 40.01 
    College graduate or postcollege 21.33 32.96 
    Missing 11.23 0.88 
Alcohol consumption   
    Never 18.05 10.68 
    Past 23.95 14.50 
    Current 43.37 72.18 
    Missing 14.63 2.64 
Smoking   
    Never 42.70 56.81 
    Past smoker 35.41 29.05 
    Current smoker 10.52 12.46 
    Missing 11.38 1.68 
No. outpatient visits in the 12 months before baseline   
    0 13.50 6.66 
    1–2 22.25 17.31 
    3–4 18.80 13.93 
    5–9 26.51 17.54 
    10–19 14.65 9.05 
    ≥20 4.29 2.25 
    Missing 33.3 

Data are % or means ± SD.

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