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Table 2

Age- and sex-adjusted incidence rate (per 1,000 person-years) of each pulmonary outcome in all KPNC members aged ≥18 years, by diabetes status

Full cohortSurvey responder
Pneumonia*   
    No diabetes 2.27 (2.24–2.29) 1.96 (1.85–2.08) 
    Diabetes 5.88 (5.56–6.21) 5.76 (5.40–6.11) 
Asthma*   
    No diabetes 0.22 (0.21–0.23) 0.16 (0.12–0.21) 
    Diabetes 0.48 (0.36–0.61) 0.41 (0.31–0.53) 
COPD*   
    No diabetes 0.60 (0.59–0.62) 0.52 (0.47–0.58) 
    Diabetes 0.91 (0.80–1.04) 0.87 (0.75–0.98) 
Fibrosis*   
    No diabetes 0.09 (0.09–0.10) 0.10 (0.07–0.13) 
    Diabetes 0.14 (0.12–0.16) 0.13 (0.11–0.16) 
Lung cancer   
    No diabetes 0.51 (0.50–0.52) 0.66 (0.60–0.73) 
    Diabetes 0.47 (0.44–0.50) 0.66 (0.62–0.71) 
Full cohortSurvey responder
Pneumonia*   
    No diabetes 2.27 (2.24–2.29) 1.96 (1.85–2.08) 
    Diabetes 5.88 (5.56–6.21) 5.76 (5.40–6.11) 
Asthma*   
    No diabetes 0.22 (0.21–0.23) 0.16 (0.12–0.21) 
    Diabetes 0.48 (0.36–0.61) 0.41 (0.31–0.53) 
COPD*   
    No diabetes 0.60 (0.59–0.62) 0.52 (0.47–0.58) 
    Diabetes 0.91 (0.80–1.04) 0.87 (0.75–0.98) 
Fibrosis*   
    No diabetes 0.09 (0.09–0.10) 0.10 (0.07–0.13) 
    Diabetes 0.14 (0.12–0.16) 0.13 (0.11–0.16) 
Lung cancer   
    No diabetes 0.51 (0.50–0.52) 0.66 (0.60–0.73) 
    Diabetes 0.47 (0.44–0.50) 0.66 (0.62–0.71) 

Data are age- and sex-adjusted rates (95% CI).

*Listed as the primary discharge diagnosis or underlying cause of death in the Kaiser Permanente databases.

†Identified through the KPNC Cancer Registry.

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