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Table 3

HRs and 95% CI for the association between each pulmonary condition and diabetes status among KPNC survey responders

Model 1*Model 2
Asthma 2.21 (1.72–2.85) 1.08 (1.03–1.12) 
COPD 1.57 (1.40–1.77) 1.22 (1.15–1.28) 
Fibrosis 1.64 (1.23–2.18) 1.54 (1.31–1.81) 
Pneumonia 2.47 (2.32–2.62) 1.92 (1.84–1.99) 
Lung cancer§ 1.05 (0.94–1.17) 1.10 (0.96–1.26) 
Model 1*Model 2
Asthma 2.21 (1.72–2.85) 1.08 (1.03–1.12) 
COPD 1.57 (1.40–1.77) 1.22 (1.15–1.28) 
Fibrosis 1.64 (1.23–2.18) 1.54 (1.31–1.81) 
Pneumonia 2.47 (2.32–2.62) 1.92 (1.84–1.99) 
Lung cancer§ 1.05 (0.94–1.17) 1.10 (0.96–1.26) 

*Adjusted for age, sex, and race/ethnicity.

†Adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, smoking, BMI, education, alcohol consumption, and number of outpatient visits.

‡Primary discharge diagnosis or underlying cause of death in the Kaiser Permanente databases.

§Identified through the KPNC Cancer Registry.

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