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Table 1

Demographic and cardiovascular risk characteristics by race of the REGARDS study population with hypertension and diabetes (n = 5,217)

European AmericanAfrican American
n 2,054 3,163 
Mean age (years) 67.2 ± 8.4 65.7 ± 8.6 
Sex (% female) 43.2 62.1 
Stroke belt resident (%) 64.1 54.1 
Less than high school education (%) 11.4 26.9 
High school graduate (%) 29.0 29.0 
Some college (%) 29.6 23.9 
College graduate (%) 30.0 20.2 
Health insurance (%) 95.6 91.4 
Household annual income (%)   
    <$20,000 20.8 37.9 
    $20,000–$35,000 30.1 32.1 
    $35,000–$75,000 35.4 23.2 
    >$75,000 13.7 6.9 
Proportion on antihypertensive medication reporting any nonadherence (%) 35.5 34.2 
Current smoker (%) 11.7 15.2 
Weekly exercise (%)   
    None 43.2 43.1 
    One to three times 30.4 34.7 
    Four or more times 26.5 22.3 
Alcohol use (%)   
    None 5.7 2.2 
    Less than one drink per day 35.2 28.7 
    More than one drink per day 59.1 69.1 
Mean BMI 32 ± 6 33 ± 7 
Mean total cholesterol (mg/dl) 176 ± 41 181 ± 42 
Mean HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 43 ± 13 50 ± 15 
European AmericanAfrican American
n 2,054 3,163 
Mean age (years) 67.2 ± 8.4 65.7 ± 8.6 
Sex (% female) 43.2 62.1 
Stroke belt resident (%) 64.1 54.1 
Less than high school education (%) 11.4 26.9 
High school graduate (%) 29.0 29.0 
Some college (%) 29.6 23.9 
College graduate (%) 30.0 20.2 
Health insurance (%) 95.6 91.4 
Household annual income (%)   
    <$20,000 20.8 37.9 
    $20,000–$35,000 30.1 32.1 
    $35,000–$75,000 35.4 23.2 
    >$75,000 13.7 6.9 
Proportion on antihypertensive medication reporting any nonadherence (%) 35.5 34.2 
Current smoker (%) 11.7 15.2 
Weekly exercise (%)   
    None 43.2 43.1 
    One to three times 30.4 34.7 
    Four or more times 26.5 22.3 
Alcohol use (%)   
    None 5.7 2.2 
    Less than one drink per day 35.2 28.7 
    More than one drink per day 59.1 69.1 
Mean BMI 32 ± 6 33 ± 7 
Mean total cholesterol (mg/dl) 176 ± 41 181 ± 42 
Mean HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 43 ± 13 50 ± 15 

Data are means ± SD unless otherwise indicated.

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