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Table 3

Correlates of blood pressure <130/80 mmHg among hypertensive diabetic patients from multivariate model

DemographicFitnessSocioeconomic statusCV risk factor
n 5,214 5,064 4,299 4,054 
Race 0.55 (0.49–0.62) 0.55 (0.48–0.62) 0.59 (0.51–0.68) 0.61 (0.52–0.70) 
Female sex 1.27 (1.12–1.43) 1.38 (1.22–1.57) 1.45 (1.26–1.67) 1.66 (1.42–1.94) 
Age (10-year difference) 1.06 (0.99–1.14) 1.00 (0.93–1.07) 0.99 (0.91–1.08) 0.97 (0.88–1.05) 
2004 (relative to 2003) 0.99 (0.83–1.18) 0.99 (0.82–1.19) 1.04 (0.86–1.27) 1.01 (0.82–1.23) 
2005 (relative to 2003) 1.24 (1.02–1.50) 1.23 (1.01–1.50) 1.15 (0.93–1.42) 1.08 (0.87–1.35) 
2006 (relative to 2003) 1.24 (1.01–1.53) 1.28 (1.03–1.58) 1.20 (0.95–1.51) 1.11 (0.88–1.35) 
2007 (relative to 2003) 1.62 (1.31–2.00) 1.64 (1.32–2.03) 1.62 (1.28–2.05) 1.50 (1.18–1.92) 
Stroke belt region 0.98 (0.87–1.11) 0.97 (0.86–1.10) 1.02 (0.89–1.17) 1.04 (0.90–1.20) 
BMI  0.97 (0.96–0.98) 0.97 (0.96–0.98) 0.97 (0.96–0.98) 
Exercise one to three times per week (relative to none)  0.95 (0.82–1.09) 0.92 (0.79–1.06) 0.90 (0.77–1.05) 
Exercise four or more times per week (relative to none)  1.02 (0.88–1.19) 1.00 (0.85–1.18) 0.99 (0.83–1.17) 
Income $20,000–$35,000 (relative to <$20,000)   1.07 (0.90–1.28) 1.08 (0.90–1.29) 
Income $35,000– $75,000 (relative to <$20,000)   1.36 (1.12–1.65) 1.38 (1.13–1.69) 
Income >$75,000 (relative to <$20,000)   1.27 (0.96–1.66) 1.30 (0.98–1.72) 
Education high school graduate (relative to less than high school graduate)   1.15 (0.94–1.41) 1.19 (0.96–1.46) 
Education some college (relative to less than high school graduate)   1.20 (0.97–1.48) 1.20 (0.97–1.50) 
Education college graduate (relative to less than high school graduate)   1.08 (0.86–1.35) 1.09 (0.86–1.38) 
Insurance   0.74 (0.56–0.98) 0.80 (0.60–1.07) 
Medication adherence   1.08 (0.94–1.24) 1.07 (0.93–1.23) 
Current smoking    0.92 (0.75–1.12) 
Total cholesterol (10 mg/dl)    0.95 (0.93–0.97) 
HDL (10 mg/dl)    0.95 (0.90–1.00) 
DemographicFitnessSocioeconomic statusCV risk factor
n 5,214 5,064 4,299 4,054 
Race 0.55 (0.49–0.62) 0.55 (0.48–0.62) 0.59 (0.51–0.68) 0.61 (0.52–0.70) 
Female sex 1.27 (1.12–1.43) 1.38 (1.22–1.57) 1.45 (1.26–1.67) 1.66 (1.42–1.94) 
Age (10-year difference) 1.06 (0.99–1.14) 1.00 (0.93–1.07) 0.99 (0.91–1.08) 0.97 (0.88–1.05) 
2004 (relative to 2003) 0.99 (0.83–1.18) 0.99 (0.82–1.19) 1.04 (0.86–1.27) 1.01 (0.82–1.23) 
2005 (relative to 2003) 1.24 (1.02–1.50) 1.23 (1.01–1.50) 1.15 (0.93–1.42) 1.08 (0.87–1.35) 
2006 (relative to 2003) 1.24 (1.01–1.53) 1.28 (1.03–1.58) 1.20 (0.95–1.51) 1.11 (0.88–1.35) 
2007 (relative to 2003) 1.62 (1.31–2.00) 1.64 (1.32–2.03) 1.62 (1.28–2.05) 1.50 (1.18–1.92) 
Stroke belt region 0.98 (0.87–1.11) 0.97 (0.86–1.10) 1.02 (0.89–1.17) 1.04 (0.90–1.20) 
BMI  0.97 (0.96–0.98) 0.97 (0.96–0.98) 0.97 (0.96–0.98) 
Exercise one to three times per week (relative to none)  0.95 (0.82–1.09) 0.92 (0.79–1.06) 0.90 (0.77–1.05) 
Exercise four or more times per week (relative to none)  1.02 (0.88–1.19) 1.00 (0.85–1.18) 0.99 (0.83–1.17) 
Income $20,000–$35,000 (relative to <$20,000)   1.07 (0.90–1.28) 1.08 (0.90–1.29) 
Income $35,000– $75,000 (relative to <$20,000)   1.36 (1.12–1.65) 1.38 (1.13–1.69) 
Income >$75,000 (relative to <$20,000)   1.27 (0.96–1.66) 1.30 (0.98–1.72) 
Education high school graduate (relative to less than high school graduate)   1.15 (0.94–1.41) 1.19 (0.96–1.46) 
Education some college (relative to less than high school graduate)   1.20 (0.97–1.48) 1.20 (0.97–1.50) 
Education college graduate (relative to less than high school graduate)   1.08 (0.86–1.35) 1.09 (0.86–1.38) 
Insurance   0.74 (0.56–0.98) 0.80 (0.60–1.07) 
Medication adherence   1.08 (0.94–1.24) 1.07 (0.93–1.23) 
Current smoking    0.92 (0.75–1.12) 
Total cholesterol (10 mg/dl)    0.95 (0.93–0.97) 
HDL (10 mg/dl)    0.95 (0.90–1.00) 

Data are odds ratio (95% CI) unless otherwise indicated.

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