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Table 1

Elevated subcutaneous and visceral abdominal adipose tissue in the first trimester of pregnancy and associated risk of an elevated glucose challenge test in the second trimester of pregnancy

Abdominal ultrasound measurement of adipose tissue depthnAbnormal glucose challenge test: ≥7.8 mmol/l (n = 6)
n (%)Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)*
Subcutaneous adipose tissue     
    Bottom three quartiles: <2.18 cm 42 3 (7.1) 1.0 (ref.) 1.0 (ref.) 
    Upper quartile: ≥2.18 cm 16 3 (18.8) 3.1 (0.55–17.4) 1.7 (0.18–16.5) 
Visceral adipose tissue     
    Bottom three quartiles: <4.74 cm 42 1 (2.4) 1.0 (ref.) 1.0 (ref.) 
    Upper quartile: ≥4.74 cm 16 5 (31.2) 17.3 (1.8–163.8) 16.9 (1.5–194.6) 
Abdominal ultrasound measurement of adipose tissue depthnAbnormal glucose challenge test: ≥7.8 mmol/l (n = 6)
n (%)Unadjusted OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)*
Subcutaneous adipose tissue     
    Bottom three quartiles: <2.18 cm 42 3 (7.1) 1.0 (ref.) 1.0 (ref.) 
    Upper quartile: ≥2.18 cm 16 3 (18.8) 3.1 (0.55–17.4) 1.7 (0.18–16.5) 
Visceral adipose tissue     
    Bottom three quartiles: <4.74 cm 42 1 (2.4) 1.0 (ref.) 1.0 (ref.) 
    Upper quartile: ≥4.74 cm 16 5 (31.2) 17.3 (1.8–163.8) 16.9 (1.5–194.6) 

Complete data are presented for 58 participants.

*Adjusted for maternal age in years (continuous) and prepregnancy BMI in kg/m2 (continuous).

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