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Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the study participants (n = 994)

VariablesNewly diagnosed diabetes based on fasting venous glucose
P
YesNo
n 45 949  
Age (years) 53 (13) 48 (14) 0.03 
Men (%) 20 (44.4) 464 (48.9) 0.67 
Family history of diabetes* (n [%]) 6 (13.3) 91 (9.6) 0.41 
Hypertension (n [%]) 13 (29.5) 163 (17.2) 0.04 
History of cardiovascular disease (n [%]) 2 (4.5%) 63 (6.6%) 0.99 
BMI (kg/m223.5 (5) 21.8 (4.2) 0.01 
Waist circumference (cm) 84 (11) 78 (11) 0.001 
Waist-to-hip ratio 0.90 (0.06) 0.87 (0.07) 0.02 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 130 (23) 123 (20) 0.02 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 81 (12) 76 (11) 0.01 
Fasting venous blood glucose (mmol/l) 9.2 (3.5) 5.2 (0.7) <0.001 
Fasting POC blood glucose (mmol/l) 8.8 (4.3) 5.5 (0.9) <0.001 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.0 (1.1) 4.7 (1.2) 0.04 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.1 (1) 2.9 (0.9) 0.13 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.2 (0.2) 1.2 (0.3) 0.93 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.12 (0.8–1.6) 1.11 (0.81–1.6) 0.21 
Use of lipid-lowering therapy* 6 (0.6%) 1.0 
Use of aspirin* 21 (2.2%) 0.63 
VariablesNewly diagnosed diabetes based on fasting venous glucose
P
YesNo
n 45 949  
Age (years) 53 (13) 48 (14) 0.03 
Men (%) 20 (44.4) 464 (48.9) 0.67 
Family history of diabetes* (n [%]) 6 (13.3) 91 (9.6) 0.41 
Hypertension (n [%]) 13 (29.5) 163 (17.2) 0.04 
History of cardiovascular disease (n [%]) 2 (4.5%) 63 (6.6%) 0.99 
BMI (kg/m223.5 (5) 21.8 (4.2) 0.01 
Waist circumference (cm) 84 (11) 78 (11) 0.001 
Waist-to-hip ratio 0.90 (0.06) 0.87 (0.07) 0.02 
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 130 (23) 123 (20) 0.02 
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 81 (12) 76 (11) 0.01 
Fasting venous blood glucose (mmol/l) 9.2 (3.5) 5.2 (0.7) <0.001 
Fasting POC blood glucose (mmol/l) 8.8 (4.3) 5.5 (0.9) <0.001 
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.0 (1.1) 4.7 (1.2) 0.04 
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 3.1 (1) 2.9 (0.9) 0.13 
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.2 (0.2) 1.2 (0.3) 0.93 
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.12 (0.8–1.6) 1.11 (0.81–1.6) 0.21 
Use of lipid-lowering therapy* 6 (0.6%) 1.0 
Use of aspirin* 21 (2.2%) 0.63 

Data are reported as mean (SD), number (%), or median (interquartile range).

*Self-reported.

†Hypertension diagnosis if self-reported prior diagnosis of hypertension from their doctor, self-reported use of prescription medications for hypertension, if they had a systolic blood pressure (based on 2 visits) ≥140 mmHg, or if they had a diastolic blood pressure (based on 2 visits) ≥90 mmHg.

‡Cardiac disease if self-reported prior diagnosis of heart attack, angina, or stroke from their doctor.

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