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Table 1

Association of GDM with future risk of hypertension

ModelHR (95% CI)P
Model 1: age 1.83 (1.65–2.12) <0.0001 
Model 2: + BMI 1.42 (1.25–1.61)  <0.0001 
Model 3: + history of pregnancy, HTN 1.29 (1.14–1.46) <0.0001 
Model 4: + family history of HTN/T2D, parity, DASH score, alcohol, total physical activity, smoking status, race/ethnicity, analgesic use, OC use, birth weight, BMI at age 18 years 1.26 (1.11–1.43) 0.0004 
ModelHR (95% CI)P
Model 1: age 1.83 (1.65–2.12) <0.0001 
Model 2: + BMI 1.42 (1.25–1.61)  <0.0001 
Model 3: + history of pregnancy, HTN 1.29 (1.14–1.46) <0.0001 
Model 4: + family history of HTN/T2D, parity, DASH score, alcohol, total physical activity, smoking status, race/ethnicity, analgesic use, OC use, birth weight, BMI at age 18 years 1.26 (1.11–1.43) 0.0004 

DASH, Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension; HTN, hypertension; OC, oral contraceptive; T2D, type 2 diabetes.

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