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Table 2 —

Health care access for type 2 diabetic adults

Health care accessNon-Hispanic CaucasianNon-Hispanic African-AmericanMexican-American
One usual source of ambulatory medical care 96.7 93.9 91.9 
 Sees one primary physician at this source 92.4 88.2 83.1 
Two or more physician visits in past 12 months 90.3 86.6 83.2 
Health insurance 
 Age 25–64 years 91.4 88.7 65.9* 
 Age ≥65 years 99.8 100.0 99.7 
Private health insurance 
 Age 25–64 years 80.8 62.9* 46.2* 
 Age ≥65 years 80.3 42.9* 40.9* 
Diabetes therapy 
 Insulin 25.7 41.6 25.3 
 Oral agents 45.7 36.5 50.3 
 Diet alone 28.6 21.9 24.4 
Insulin treated, ≥2 injections per day 60.4 42.3 48.2 
Self-monitors blood glucose at least once per day 
 Not insulin-treated 5.8 3.9 2.4 
 Insulin-treated 44.2 26.7 27.3 
Eye examination in the past year 65.3 70.1 60.8 
Blood pressure checked in the past 6 months 88.4 89.4 83.4 
Cholesterol checked 80.8 68.1* 61.8* 
Hypertension 
 Previously diagnosed, taking antihypertensive medication 83.1 84.1 71.3 
 Previously diagnosed, not taking antihypertension medication 6.4 6.8 12.8 
 Undiagnosed 10.5 9.1 15.9 
Dyslipidemia 
 Previously diagnosed, treated with diet or medication 52.3 40.3 40.6 
 Previously diagnosed, not treated with diet or medication 6.2 4.5 4.3 
 Undiagnosed 41.6 55.3 55.1 
Health care accessNon-Hispanic CaucasianNon-Hispanic African-AmericanMexican-American
One usual source of ambulatory medical care 96.7 93.9 91.9 
 Sees one primary physician at this source 92.4 88.2 83.1 
Two or more physician visits in past 12 months 90.3 86.6 83.2 
Health insurance 
 Age 25–64 years 91.4 88.7 65.9* 
 Age ≥65 years 99.8 100.0 99.7 
Private health insurance 
 Age 25–64 years 80.8 62.9* 46.2* 
 Age ≥65 years 80.3 42.9* 40.9* 
Diabetes therapy 
 Insulin 25.7 41.6 25.3 
 Oral agents 45.7 36.5 50.3 
 Diet alone 28.6 21.9 24.4 
Insulin treated, ≥2 injections per day 60.4 42.3 48.2 
Self-monitors blood glucose at least once per day 
 Not insulin-treated 5.8 3.9 2.4 
 Insulin-treated 44.2 26.7 27.3 
Eye examination in the past year 65.3 70.1 60.8 
Blood pressure checked in the past 6 months 88.4 89.4 83.4 
Cholesterol checked 80.8 68.1* 61.8* 
Hypertension 
 Previously diagnosed, taking antihypertensive medication 83.1 84.1 71.3 
 Previously diagnosed, not taking antihypertension medication 6.4 6.8 12.8 
 Undiagnosed 10.5 9.1 15.9 
Dyslipidemia 
 Previously diagnosed, treated with diet or medication 52.3 40.3 40.6 
 Previously diagnosed, not treated with diet or medication 6.2 4.5 4.3 
 Undiagnosed 41.6 55.3 55.1 

Data are %. Sample sizes for hypertension (n = 864) and dyslipidemia (n = 627) exclude subjects who do not have these conditions; dyslipidemia data also exclude subjects with triglyceride levels ≥400 mg/dl for whom the Friedewald equation to compute LDL cholesterol is not valid.

*

P < 0.001

P < 0.01

P < 0.05 compared with non-Hispanic Caucasians.

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