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Table 3 —

Health status and outcomes for type 2 diabetic adults

Health care outcomeNon-Hispanic CaucasianNon-Hispanic African-AmericanMexican-American
HbA1c ≥7.0% 55.1 58.2 65.5* 
BMI ≥30 kg/m2 
 Men 43.5 34.3 37.0 
 Women 45.5 53.7 48.2 
Microalbuminuria 29.6 27.3 26.3 
Clinical proteinuria 5.2 13.6 11.2* 
Previously diagnosed hypertension 
 Blood pressure <140/90 mmHg 45.2 39.6 34.7 
 Blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg 54.8 60.4 65.3 
Previously diagnosed dyslipidemia 
 LDL cholesterol <130 mg/dl 35.4 23.9 37.9 
 LDL cholesterol ≥130 mg/dl 64.6 76.1 62.1 
Serum total cholesterol (mg/dl) 
 <200 31.1 35.7 38.1 
 200–239 34.5 33.9 33.8 
 ≥240 34.4 30.4 28.1 
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 
 <35 28.9 13.0 20.1 
 35–45 32.7 28.0 33.9 
 >45 38.4 59.0 46.0 
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 
 <200 57.1 74.8 57.3 
 200–399 30.8 19.7* 27.9 
 ≥400 12.1 5.5 14.8 
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 
 <100 15.4 19.6 21.1 
 100–129 32.8 24.9 36.4 
 130–159 30.6 28.6 26.6 
 ≥160 21.2 26.9 15.9 
Lipoprotein(a) >30 mg/dl 20.1 58.8 21.3 
Homocysteine >15 μmol/l 13.9 11.5 6.5 
Cigarette smoker 18.0 23.9 17.7 
Hospitalized in past 12 months 27.1 27.9 22.6 
Health care outcomeNon-Hispanic CaucasianNon-Hispanic African-AmericanMexican-American
HbA1c ≥7.0% 55.1 58.2 65.5* 
BMI ≥30 kg/m2 
 Men 43.5 34.3 37.0 
 Women 45.5 53.7 48.2 
Microalbuminuria 29.6 27.3 26.3 
Clinical proteinuria 5.2 13.6 11.2* 
Previously diagnosed hypertension 
 Blood pressure <140/90 mmHg 45.2 39.6 34.7 
 Blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg 54.8 60.4 65.3 
Previously diagnosed dyslipidemia 
 LDL cholesterol <130 mg/dl 35.4 23.9 37.9 
 LDL cholesterol ≥130 mg/dl 64.6 76.1 62.1 
Serum total cholesterol (mg/dl) 
 <200 31.1 35.7 38.1 
 200–239 34.5 33.9 33.8 
 ≥240 34.4 30.4 28.1 
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 
 <35 28.9 13.0 20.1 
 35–45 32.7 28.0 33.9 
 >45 38.4 59.0 46.0 
Triglyceride (mg/dl) 
 <200 57.1 74.8 57.3 
 200–399 30.8 19.7* 27.9 
 ≥400 12.1 5.5 14.8 
LDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 
 <100 15.4 19.6 21.1 
 100–129 32.8 24.9 36.4 
 130–159 30.6 28.6 26.6 
 ≥160 21.2 26.9 15.9 
Lipoprotein(a) >30 mg/dl 20.1 58.8 21.3 
Homocysteine >15 μmol/l 13.9 11.5 6.5 
Cigarette smoker 18.0 23.9 17.7 
Hospitalized in past 12 months 27.1 27.9 22.6 

Data are %. The upper limit of normal for HbA1c in the assay system is 6.1%, defined as the mean + 2 SD (5.27 + 0.85%) for the group of people with fasting plasma glucose <110 mg/dl and 2-h postchallenge glucose <140 mg/dl. Samples sizes for previously diagnosed hypertension (n = 618) and previously diagnosed dyslipidemia (n = 302) exclude subjects who have not been diagnosed with these conditions; dyslipidemia data also exclude subjects with triglyceride levels ≥400 mg/dl for whom the Friedewald equation to compute LDL cholesterol is not valid.

*

P < 0.01

P < 0.001

P < 0.05 compared with non-Hispanic Caucasians.

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