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Table 3—

Association of participant characteristics* to mortality

CharacteristicIncrementHazard ratio95% CIP
Age 10 years 1.65 1.31–2.08 <0.001 
Sex Male 2.65 1.38–5.10 0.004 
Renal disease Urine protein 2.64 1.40–4.98 <0.001 
 Dialysis/transplant 4.95 2.36–10.39  
Cardiovascular disease history Present 2.14 1.15–3.96 0.02 
Respiratory symptoms Severe 1.93 1.07–3.49 0.03 
Peak expiratory flow rate 100/min 0.61 0.46–0.82 0.001 
CharacteristicIncrementHazard ratio95% CIP
Age 10 years 1.65 1.31–2.08 <0.001 
Sex Male 2.65 1.38–5.10 0.004 
Renal disease Urine protein 2.64 1.40–4.98 <0.001 
 Dialysis/transplant 4.95 2.36–10.39  
Cardiovascular disease history Present 2.14 1.15–3.96 0.02 
Respiratory symptoms Severe 1.93 1.07–3.49 0.03 
Peak expiratory flow rate 100/min 0.61 0.46–0.82 0.001 
*

Duration of diabetes, cigarette smoking status, and hypertension did not contribute significantly to the model;

based on proportional hazards regression analyses.

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