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Table 2—

Multiple regression models predicting HbA1c with the P:S ratio, total fat intake, and fat types, EPIC-Norfolk 1995–1997 (n = 6,223)*

Independent variablesWithout adjustment for BMI and WHR
With adjustment for BMI and WHR
βPβP
Analysis of P:S ratio and total fat     
 P:S ratio −0.0217 0.010 −0.0200 0.013 
 Total fat (E%) 0.0453 <0.001 0.0420 <0.001 
Analysis of specific dietary fat types     
 Saturated fat (E%) 0.0462 <0.001 0.0476 <0.001 
 Monounsaturated fat (E%) 0.0153 0.281 0.0107 0.451 
 Polyunsaturated fat (E%) 0.00467 0.643 0.00534 0.595 
Independent variablesWithout adjustment for BMI and WHR
With adjustment for BMI and WHR
βPβP
Analysis of P:S ratio and total fat     
 P:S ratio −0.0217 0.010 −0.0200 0.013 
 Total fat (E%) 0.0453 <0.001 0.0420 <0.001 
Analysis of specific dietary fat types     
 Saturated fat (E%) 0.0462 <0.001 0.0476 <0.001 
 Monounsaturated fat (E%) 0.0153 0.281 0.0107 0.451 
 Polyunsaturated fat (E%) 0.00467 0.643 0.00534 0.595 

Data are regression coefficients per standard deviation change in the independent variable.

*

Adjusted for total energy intake, protein (E%), alcohol (g/day), age, sex, family history of diabetes, physical activity, and smoking status.

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