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Table 1—

Maternal deaths in 972 pregnant type 1 diabetic women followed at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Central Hospital of Finland, between 1975 and 1997

PatientAge (years)ParityType 1 diabetes onset (years)Type 1 diabetes duration (years)Last HbA1c (% [±SD])Time of death (week + day of pregnancy)Cause of death
32 G3P1 29 6.1 (+2) Postpartum Spinal anesthesia 
38 G5P3 14 24 NA Postpartum Brain stem infarction 
24 G1P0 21 8.0 (+6) 14 + 5 Hypoglycemia 
29 G2P0 21 8.6 (+7) 10 + 1 Dead-in-bed syndrome 
33 G7P3 25 6.7 (+3) After spontaneous abortion Ketoacidosis and intoxication 
PatientAge (years)ParityType 1 diabetes onset (years)Type 1 diabetes duration (years)Last HbA1c (% [±SD])Time of death (week + day of pregnancy)Cause of death
32 G3P1 29 6.1 (+2) Postpartum Spinal anesthesia 
38 G5P3 14 24 NA Postpartum Brain stem infarction 
24 G1P0 21 8.0 (+6) 14 + 5 Hypoglycemia 
29 G2P0 21 8.6 (+7) 10 + 1 Dead-in-bed syndrome 
33 G7P3 25 6.7 (+3) After spontaneous abortion Ketoacidosis and intoxication 

For parity, G = number of pregnancies, P = number of parturitions. Patients 1–3 had uncomplicated type 1 diabetes (except a few had fundus microaneurysms), and patients 5 and 6 had diabetic nephropathy. NA, not available.

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