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Table 1—

Time use during visits for diabetes, other chronic illnesses, and acute illnesses

DOC CategoryVisits for diabetesChronic illness visits by nondiabetic patientsAcute illness visits by nondiabetic patientsFP*
n 227 634 1,006 — — 
History taking 57.7 58.4 57.5 0.5 0.61 
Planning treatment 32.8 33.2 33.2 0.1 0.93 
Physical examination 19.5 19.9 21.0 2.1 0.13 
Health education 19.7 17.4 20.0 6.0 0.002 
Feedback on evaluation results 15.8 13.5 14.6 5.2 0.005 
Family information 8.9 9.5 8.6 1.6 0.21 
Chatting 7.0 8.7 7.7 3.3 0.04 
Structuring the interaction 7.6 7.7 7.9 0.2 0.84 
Patient questions 7.0 7.5 7.5 0.6 0.57 
Preventive services 2.8 3.3 2.2 7.4 0.001 
Procedures 0.7 1.0 3.0 11.5 <0.001 
Nutrition advice 6.4 2.3 1.3 91.1 <0.001 
Counseling 1.4 1.9 1.3 1.9 0.15 
Exercise advice 2.8 2.1 1.6 7.8 <0.001 
Compliance assessment 3.3 2.4 1.5 28.0 <0.001 
Smoking behavior assessment or advice 0.8 1.3 1.3 1.4 0.24 
Assessing patient’s health knowledge 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.0 0.38 
Health promotion 2.6 1.3 1.0 17.6 <0.001 
Negotiation 1.4 1.5 1.0 5.4 0.005 
Substance use assessment or advice 0.4 0.4 0.3 1.0 0.35 
Length of visit (min) 11.0 10.5 9.7 8.1 <0.001 
DOC CategoryVisits for diabetesChronic illness visits by nondiabetic patientsAcute illness visits by nondiabetic patientsFP*
n 227 634 1,006 — — 
History taking 57.7 58.4 57.5 0.5 0.61 
Planning treatment 32.8 33.2 33.2 0.1 0.93 
Physical examination 19.5 19.9 21.0 2.1 0.13 
Health education 19.7 17.4 20.0 6.0 0.002 
Feedback on evaluation results 15.8 13.5 14.6 5.2 0.005 
Family information 8.9 9.5 8.6 1.6 0.21 
Chatting 7.0 8.7 7.7 3.3 0.04 
Structuring the interaction 7.6 7.7 7.9 0.2 0.84 
Patient questions 7.0 7.5 7.5 0.6 0.57 
Preventive services 2.8 3.3 2.2 7.4 0.001 
Procedures 0.7 1.0 3.0 11.5 <0.001 
Nutrition advice 6.4 2.3 1.3 91.1 <0.001 
Counseling 1.4 1.9 1.3 1.9 0.15 
Exercise advice 2.8 2.1 1.6 7.8 <0.001 
Compliance assessment 3.3 2.4 1.5 28.0 <0.001 
Smoking behavior assessment or advice 0.8 1.3 1.3 1.4 0.24 
Assessing patient’s health knowledge 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.0 0.38 
Health promotion 2.6 1.3 1.0 17.6 <0.001 
Negotiation 1.4 1.5 1.0 5.4 0.005 
Substance use assessment or advice 0.4 0.4 0.3 1.0 0.35 
Length of visit (min) 11.0 10.5 9.7 8.1 <0.001 

†Data are % of visit time spent on each behavioral category. Percents sum to >100 because more than one behavior could be observed in each 15-s observation interval.

*

Only P < 0.005 were considered statistically significant;

mean adjusted for patient age and race.

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