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Table 2—

Comparison of mean health care use among depressed and nondepressed individuals with diabetes (U.S. 1996)

Utilization categoryDepressed
Nondepressed
P*
nMean utilizationnMean utilization
Ambulatory visits 85 12 708 0.0001 
Emergency department visits 29 144 0.1624 
Hospital inpatient days 23 147 0.8983 
Number of prescription medications 85 43 717 21 <0.0001 
Utilization categoryDepressed
Nondepressed
P*
nMean utilizationnMean utilization
Ambulatory visits 85 12 708 0.0001 
Emergency department visits 29 144 0.1624 
Hospital inpatient days 23 147 0.8983 
Number of prescription medications 85 43 717 21 <0.0001 
*

P value for mean log 10-transformed use adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, health insurance, and comorbidity.

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