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Table 1—

Quality of life as reported by type 2 diabetic patients

EQ5D utility score (n=1136)Euroqol VAS score (n=1,224)
Overall 0.74 (0.27) 0.68 (0.18) 
Sex   
    Female 0.70 (0.28) 0.67 (0.18) 
    Male 0.79 (0.25) 0.70 (0.18) 
Age   
    <50 years 0.79 (0.26) 0.69 (0.19) 
    50–59 years 0.75 (0.26) 0.69 (0.18) 
    60–69 years 0.78 (0.25) 0.70 (0.18) 
    ≥70 years 0.70 (0.28) 0.67 (0.18) 
Duration of diabetes   
    <5 years 0.77 (0.25) 0.70 (0.17) 
    5–10 years 0.73 (0.29) 0.67 (0.19) 
    ≥10 years 0.70 (0.29) 0.66 (0.18) 
Treatment   
    Diet and exercise only 0.79 (0.26) 0.73 (0.17) 
    Oral therapy only 0.76 (0.25) 0.69 (0.17) 
    Insulin only or combined 0.63 (0.30) 0.61 (0.20) 
Complications   
    No complications 0.81 (0.23) 0.72 (0.16) 
    Only microvascular complications 0.72 (0.28) 0.67 (0.18) 
    Only macrovascular complications 0.73 (0.27) 0.66 (0.17) 
    Microvascular and macrovascular complications 0.61 (0.31) 0.62 (0.20) 
Obesity 0.70 (0.28) 0.66 (0.19) 
No obesity 0.77 (0.26) 0.69 (0.17) 
EQ5D utility score (n=1136)Euroqol VAS score (n=1,224)
Overall 0.74 (0.27) 0.68 (0.18) 
Sex   
    Female 0.70 (0.28) 0.67 (0.18) 
    Male 0.79 (0.25) 0.70 (0.18) 
Age   
    <50 years 0.79 (0.26) 0.69 (0.19) 
    50–59 years 0.75 (0.26) 0.69 (0.18) 
    60–69 years 0.78 (0.25) 0.70 (0.18) 
    ≥70 years 0.70 (0.28) 0.67 (0.18) 
Duration of diabetes   
    <5 years 0.77 (0.25) 0.70 (0.17) 
    5–10 years 0.73 (0.29) 0.67 (0.19) 
    ≥10 years 0.70 (0.29) 0.66 (0.18) 
Treatment   
    Diet and exercise only 0.79 (0.26) 0.73 (0.17) 
    Oral therapy only 0.76 (0.25) 0.69 (0.17) 
    Insulin only or combined 0.63 (0.30) 0.61 (0.20) 
Complications   
    No complications 0.81 (0.23) 0.72 (0.16) 
    Only microvascular complications 0.72 (0.28) 0.67 (0.18) 
    Only macrovascular complications 0.73 (0.27) 0.66 (0.17) 
    Microvascular and macrovascular complications 0.61 (0.31) 0.62 (0.20) 
Obesity 0.70 (0.28) 0.66 (0.19) 
No obesity 0.77 (0.26) 0.69 (0.17) 

Data are means (SD). Note: microvascular complications were defined as foot ulcer, blindness, photocoagulation or vitrectomy, dialysis, renal transplant, retinopathy, neuropathy, manifest nephropathy, and microalbuminuria. Macrovascular complications were defined as myocardial infarction, angina, heart failure, cardiac surgery (coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty), stroke, transient ischemic attack, and peripheral vascular disease.

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