Skip to Main Content
Table 3—

RRs of stroke according to clinical diabetes status: the NHS 1976–1996

Nondiabetic throughout the studyDiabetic at baseline (1976)New diabetes diagnosed at follow-up
RRs prior to diagnosisRRs after the diagnosis
Nonfatal stroke     
n 882 61 59 103 
 Person-years 2,103,936 25,352 66,939 42,061 
 Age-adjusted 1.0 4.53 (3.49–5.88) 2.53 (1.94–3.31) 3.34 (2.72–4.11) 
 Multivariate* 1.0 4.41 (3.43–5.67) 2.30 (1.76–2.99) 3.15 (2.56–3.88) 
Fatal stroke     
n 259 21 — 20 
 Age-adjusted 1.0 5.43 (3.48–8.51) — 1.29 (0.85–2.03) 
 Multivariate 1.0 5.25 (3.34–8.24) — 1.38 (0.87–2.20) 
Total Stroke     
n 1,141 82 — 123 
 Age-adjusted 1.0 4.74 (3.78–5.94) — 3.17 (2.62–3.83) 
 Multivariate 1.0 4.56 (3.63–5.73) — 3.07 (2.53–3.73) 
Nondiabetic throughout the studyDiabetic at baseline (1976)New diabetes diagnosed at follow-up
RRs prior to diagnosisRRs after the diagnosis
Nonfatal stroke     
n 882 61 59 103 
 Person-years 2,103,936 25,352 66,939 42,061 
 Age-adjusted 1.0 4.53 (3.49–5.88) 2.53 (1.94–3.31) 3.34 (2.72–4.11) 
 Multivariate* 1.0 4.41 (3.43–5.67) 2.30 (1.76–2.99) 3.15 (2.56–3.88) 
Fatal stroke     
n 259 21 — 20 
 Age-adjusted 1.0 5.43 (3.48–8.51) — 1.29 (0.85–2.03) 
 Multivariate 1.0 5.25 (3.34–8.24) — 1.38 (0.87–2.20) 
Total Stroke     
n 1,141 82 — 123 
 Age-adjusted 1.0 4.74 (3.78–5.94) — 3.17 (2.62–3.83) 
 Multivariate 1.0 4.56 (3.63–5.73) — 3.07 (2.53–3.73) 

Data are n, RR, and RR (95% CI).

*

Models include the following: age (5-year category); time period (10 periods); BMI (<21, 21–22.9, 23–24.9, 25–28.9, 29–31.9, and ≥32 kg/m2); cigarette smoking (never, past, and current smoking of 1–14, 15–24, and ≥25 cigarettes/day); menopausal status (premenopausal, postmenopausal without hormone replacement, postmenopausal with past hormone replacement, and postmenopausal with current hormone replacement); and parental history of MI before 60 years of age.

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal