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Table 1—

Type 1 diabetes: low-glycemic index diets compared with high-glycemic index diets in studies lasting 2 weeks or longer (5 studies, 48 subjects)

EndpointLow GI significantly better than high GINo significant difference
HbA1c 4 [n = 40] (3, 4, 6, 7) 
Fructosamine 3 [n = 27] (3, 5, 6) 1 [n = 9] (7) 
Fasting plasma glucose 3 [n = 27] (3, 5, 6) 
EndpointLow GI significantly better than high GINo significant difference
HbA1c 4 [n = 40] (3, 4, 6, 7) 
Fructosamine 3 [n = 27] (3, 5, 6) 1 [n = 9] (7) 
Fasting plasma glucose 3 [n = 27] (3, 5, 6) 

Data are n. Numbers in parenthesis refer to the reference list. GI, glycemic index.

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